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BACKGROUND Wilms' tumour 1 (WT1) gene was discovered as a tumour suppressor gene. Later findings have suggested that WT1 also can be oncogenic. This complexity is partly explained by the fact that WT1 has a number of target genes. METHOD WT1 and its target gene human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) were analysed in clear cell renal cell carcinoma(More)
Treatment of chronic bacterial infections, such as tuberculosis (TB), requires a remarkably long course of therapy, despite the availability of drugs that are rapidly bacteriocidal in vitro. This observation has long been attributed to the presence of bacterial populations in the host that are "drug-tolerant" because of their slow replication and low rate(More)
BACKGROUND H37Rv and H37Ra are well-described laboratory strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis derived from the same parental strain, H37, that show dramatically different pathogenic phenotypes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, the transcriptomes of the two strains during axenic growth in broth and during intracellular growth within murine(More)
Although microarray technology has become more widespread as a discovery tool for bacterial pathogenesis, it remains a method available only to laboratories with access to expensive equipment and costly analysis software. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent for tuberculosis (TB), afflicts one-third of the global population, and kills between 2(More)
Oligoclonality and ongoing clonal evolution are common features in patients with precursor-B (pre-B) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), as judged by immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene rearrangement analysis. These features are considered to be results of secondary rearrangements after malignant transformation or emergence of new tumor clones. In the(More)
Ig heavy chain (IgH) and T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements were investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of diagnostic tumour samples from 91 patients (57 children and 34 adults, with cut-off at age 16) with precursor B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Using primers directed to the framework regions (FR) 1, 2 and 3 of the IgH(More)
Genetic instability has important implications for detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) when the target is a clonal genetic marker revealed at diagnosis. A successful MRD detection approach requires a stable marker and for lymphoid leukemias clonal rearrangements of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T cell receptor (TCR) genes are commonly used. In the present(More)
We have developed two whole genome-scanning techniques to aid in the discovery of polymorphisms as well as horizontally acquired genes in prokaryotic organisms.First, two-dimensional bacterial genomic display (2DBGD) was developed using restriction enzyme fragmentation to separate genomic DNA based on size, and then employing denaturing gradient gel(More)
To identify genes involved in the intracellular survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis we compared the transcriptomes of virulent (H37Rv) and attenuated (H37Ra) strains during their interaction with murine bone-marrow-derived macrophages. Expression profiling was accomplished via the bacterial artificial chromosome fingerprint array (BACFA) technique. Genes(More)
Annually, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the cause of approximately three million deaths worldwide. It would appear that currently available therapies for this disease are inadequate. The identification of genes involved in mycobacterial virulence will facilitate the design of new prophylactic and therapeutic interventions. A method for high-resolution(More)