Alice E. Davidson

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PURPOSE Autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB) is a retinal dystrophy affecting macular and retinal pigmented epithelium function resulting from homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in BEST1. In this study we characterize the functional implications of missense bestrophin-1 mutations that cause ARB by investigating their effect on(More)
PURPOSE Autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB) is a newly defined retinal dystrophy caused by biallelic mutations in bestrophin-1 (BEST1) and is hypothesized to represent the null bestrophin-1 phenotype in humans. The aim was to determine whether a synonymous BEST1 variant, c.102C>T, identified in two unrelated ARB patients, alters pre-mRNA splicing of(More)
PURPOSE To describe the clinical and molecular characteristics of two families with autosomal dominant Best disease and atypical electrooculography (EOG). METHODS Four affected individuals from two families were ascertained. Detailed ophthalmic examinations, refraction, and biometry (anterior chamber depth [ACD] and axial length [AL]), gonioscopy, optical(More)
PURPOSE Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is an inherited disorder that disrupts the development of the retinal vasculature and can result in blindness. FEVR is genetically heterogeneous and mutations in four genes, NDP, FZD4, LRP5, and TSPAN12, encoding components of a novel ligand-receptor complex that activates the Norrin-β-catenin signaling(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically heterogeneous retinal degeneration characterized by photoreceptor death, which results in visual failure. Here, we used a combination of homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing to identify mutations in ARL2BP, which encodes an effector protein of the small GTPases ARL2 and ARL3, as causative for(More)
PURPOSE Brittle cornea syndrome 1 (BCS1) is a rare recessive condition characterized by extreme thinning of the cornea and sclera, caused by mutations in ZNF469. Keratoconus is a relatively common disease characterized by progressive thinning and ectasia of the cornea. The etiology of keratoconus is complex and not yet understood, but rare ZNF469 variants(More)
We describe novel CHRDL1 mutations in ten families with X-linked megalocornea (MGC1). Our mutation-positive cohort enabled us to establish ultrasonography as a reliable clinical diagnostic tool to distinguish between MGC1 and primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). Megalocornea is also a feature of Neuhäuser or megalocornea-mental retardation (MMR) syndrome, a(More)
Mutations in the OPN1LW (L-) and OPN1MW (M-)cone opsin genes underlie a spectrum of cone photoreceptor defects from stationary loss of color vision to progressive retinal degeneration. Genotypes of 22 families with a range of cone disorders were grouped into three classes: deletions of the locus control region (LCR); missense mutation (p.Cys203Arg) in an(More)
Inherited retinal dystrophies are a major cause of childhood blindness. Here, we describe the identification of a homozygous frameshift mutation (c.1194_1195delAG, p.Arg398Serfs*9) in TUB in a child from a consanguineous UK Caucasian family investigated using autozygosity mapping and whole-exome sequencing. The proband presented with obesity, night(More)
Purpose The majority of anterior corneal dystrophies are caused by dominant mutations in TGFBI (transforming growth factor β-induced) collectively known as the epithelial-stromal TGFBI dystrophies. Most cases of epithelial basement membrane dystrophy (EBMD) are thought to result from a degenerative (nongenetic) process; however, a minority of cases are(More)