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Aging, defined as a decrease in reproduction rate with age, is a fundamental characteristic of all living organisms down to bacteria. Yet we know little about the causal molecular mechanisms of aging within the in vivo context of a wild-type organism. One of the prominent markers of aging is protein aggregation, associated with cellular degeneracy in many(More)
The process of physiological decline leading to death of the individual is driven by the deteriorating capacity to withstand extrinsic and intrinsic hazards, resulting in damage accumulation with age. The dynamic changes with time of the network governing the outcome of misfolded proteins, exemplifying as intrinsic hazards, is considered here as a paradigm(More)
Blepharophimosis syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease characterised by eyelid malformations, associated or not with premature ovarian failure. It is caused by mutations in the FOXL2 gene, which encodes a forkhead transcription factor containing a polyalanine (polyAla) domain of 14 alanines. Expansions of the polyAla tract from 14 to 24 residues account(More)
Aggregates of misfolded proteins are a hallmark of many age-related diseases. Recently, they have been linked to aging of Escherichia coli (E. coli) where protein aggregates accumulate at the old pole region of the aging bacterium. Because of the potential of E. coli as a model organism, elucidating aging and protein aggregation in this bacterium may pave(More)
We propose a new image analysis method to segment and track cells in a growing colony. By using an intermediate low-dimension image representation yielded by a reliable over-segmentation process, we combine the advantages of two-steps methods (possibility to check intermediate results) and the power of simultaneous segmentation and tracking algorithms,(More)
Bacteria suffer various stresses in their unpredictable environment. In response, clonal populations may exhibit cell-to-cell variation, hypothetically to maximize their survival. The origins, propagation, and consequences of this variability remain poorly understood. Variability persists through cell division events, yet detailed lineage information for(More)
Description: Remarkable advances in the study of the phenotypic variability of clonal bacterial colonies have been made recently by using time-lapse microscopy imaging. From a sequence of images showing growing and dividing cells, a complete lineage (position of each cell, divisions) has to be extracted in order to feed statistical analyses. With the(More)
6. Protein aggregation as a paradigm of aging Pages 980-996 Ariel B. Lindner, Alice Demarez 7. From heterochromatin islands to the NAD World: A hierarchical view of aging through the functions of mammalian Sirt1 and systemic NAD biosynthesis Pages 997-1004 Shin-ichiro Imai 8. Is the oxidative stress theory of aging dead? Pages 1005-1014
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