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Previous work in this laboratory demonstrated that the 19- and 35-day-old offspring of ethanol-fed rats have a significant deficiency of cortical serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), as well as a decrease in the number of total 5-HT1 receptors in the motor and somatosensory cortex. The present studies extend our previous reports by(More)
Epidemiologists have shown how birth outcomes are generally robust for immigrant Latina mothers, despite often situated in poor households, advanced by their strong prenatal and nutritional practices. But little is known about (1) how these protective factors may differ among Latino subgroups, (2) the extent to which birth outcomes, ongoing maternal(More)
Previous studies from this and other laboratories suggest that dopamine is decreased in selected brain regions of postnatal rats exposed to ethanol in utero. The present study expands previous work by examining the effects of in utero ethanol exposure on dopamine D1 and D2 binding sites and dopamine uptake in postnatal rats. In addition, dopamine content in(More)
The urokinase plasminogen activator binds to its cellular receptor with high affinity and initiates signaling cascades that are implicated in pathological processes including tumor growth, metastasis, and inflammation. We report the crystal structure at 1.9 angstroms of the urokinase receptor complexed with the urokinase amino-terminal fragment and an(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) participates in diverse (patho)physiological processes through intracellular signaling events that affect cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation, although the mechanisms by which these occur are only partially understood. Here we report that upon cell binding and internalization, single-chain uPA (scuPA)(More)
Timing of the first introduction of solid food during infancy may have potential effects on life-long health. To understand the characteristics that are associated with the timing of infants' initial exposure to solid foods. The 2000 National Survey of Early Childhood Health (NSECH) was a nationally representative telephone survey of 2,068 parents of(More)
We examined the effect of urokinase (uPA) and its fragments on vascular smooth muscle cell contraction. Single-chain uPA inhibits phenylepherine (PE) -induced contraction of rat aortic rings, whereas two-chain uPA exerts the opposite effect. Two independent epitopes mediating these opposing activities were identified. A6, a capped peptide corresponding to(More)
The protease-activated family of G protein-coupled receptors includes PAR-1 and PAR-3, which are activated by thrombin, and PAR-2, which is activated by trypsin and tryptase. PAR-2 has recently been shown to be expressed in human endothelial cells. In the present studies, we have examined the expression of PAR-2 in other cells, particularly vascular smooth(More)
Proteolysis triggered by receptor-bound urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) involves a cascade of species-specific molecular interac tions. To study the role of the uPA receptor (uPAR) in such interactions, a human osteosarcoma cell line (HOS), which normally expresses low levels of uPAR, was transfected with human uPAR complementary DNA. One of(More)