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Previous approaches to bidirectional search require exponential space, and they are either less efficient than unidirectional search for finding optimal solutions, or they cannot even find such solutions for difficult problems. Based on a memory-bounded unidirectional algorithm for trees (SMA*), we developed a graph search extension, and we used it to(More)
BACKGROUND Combined intracoronary and intramyocardial administration might improve outcomes for bone-marrow-derived stem cell therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We compared the safety and feasibility of early and late delivery of stem cells with combined therapy approaches. METHODS Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction less than 45%(More)
UNLABELLED This study presents and evaluates a model-based image analysis method to calculate from gated cardiac (18)F-FDG PET images diastolic and systolic volumes, ejection fraction, and myocardial mass of the left ventricle. The accuracy of these estimates was delineated using measurements obtained by MRI, which was considered the reference standard(More)
UNLABELLED Angiography of patients with typical chest pain reveals normal epicardial coronary arteries in about 20%. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) determination is an elaborate, but helpful, task, as only the evidence of microvascular disease enables appropriate therapy. We prospectively evaluated the incidence of a dysfunctional microcirculation and searched(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to perform an investigation of the effects of the longitudinal straightening of coronary arteries by stents and the possible association with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (primary end point) and angiographic restenosis (secondary end point). BACKGROUND Stent deployment straightens a tortuous artery, and any(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this substudy of the EUROINJECT-ONE double-blind randomized trial was to analyze changes in myocardial perfusion in NOGA-defined regions with intramyocardial injections of plasmid encoding plasmid human (ph)VEGF-A(165) using an elaborated transformation algorithm. METHODS AND RESULTS After randomization, 80 no-option patients(More)
BACKGROUND The choice of the optimal echo contrast agent could be of relevance for the detection of a patent foramen ovale (PFO). This study compares agitated saline solution and oxypolygelatine (OXY) with respect to their ability to detect a PFO. METHODS A total of 34 patients (13 women, age 45 +/- 16 years) underwent both transthoracic and(More)
The aim of the sub-study of the MYSTAR randomised trial was to analyse the changes in myocardial perfusion in NOGA-defined regions of interest (ROI) with intramyocardial injections of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNC) using an elaborated transformation algorithm. Patients with recent first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and left(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the diagnostic accuracy of different approaches of case-based reasoning (CBR) for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) using thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in comparison with coronary angiography. METHODS AND MATERIAL For each scintigraphic image set, regional myocardial tracer uptake was obtained(More)
UNLABELLED This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of case-based reasoning (CBR) to automatically detect significant coronary artery disease from dipyridamole 201Tl myocardial SPECT perfusion scintigrams. METHODS The study population included 240 patients (182 men, 58 women; mean age +/- SD, 61 +/- 12 y) on whom coronary angiography and perfusion(More)