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BACKGROUND In humans, ethanol exposure during pregnancy causes a spectrum of developmental defects (fetal alcohol syndrome or FAS). Individuals vary in phenotypic expression. Zebrafish embryos develop FAS-like features after ethanol exposure. In this study, we ask whether stage-specific effects of ethanol can be identified in the zebrafish, and if so,(More)
PURPOSE To assess the development of beta-amyloid (Abeta) plaques in the brain with age in the transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology by in vivo magnetic resonance microimaging (microMRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS Live transgenic mice (Tg2576) and nontransgenic littermates (control) were studied at regular intervals between the ages of(More)
T2-family acidic endoribonucleases are represented in all genomes. A physiological role for RNase T2 has yet to be defined for metazoa. RNASET2 mutation in humans is linked with a leukoencephalopathy that arises in infancy characterized by cortical cysts and multifocal white matter lesions. We now show localization of RNASET2 within lysosomes. Further, we(More)
Bacteriochlorophyll-histidine complexes are ubiquitous in nature and are essential structural motifs supporting the conversion of solar energy into chemically useful compounds in a wide range of photosynthesis processes. A systematic density functional theory study of the NMR chemical shifts for histidine and for bacteriochlorophyll-a-histidine complexes in(More)
In humans and zebrafish, 2 glucocorticoid (GC) receptor (GR) splice variants exist: the canonical GR α-isoform (GRα), and the GRβ. In the present study, we have used the zebrafish model system in order to reveal genes affected by each of these 2 receptor isoforms. By injecting zebrafish embryos with different splice-blocking morpholinos, we could knock down(More)
The solid-state photo-CIDNP effect is the occurrence of a non-Boltzmann nuclear spin polarization in rigid samples upon illumination. For solid-state NMR, which can detect this enhanced nuclear polarization as a strong modification of signal intensity, the effect allows for new classes of experiments. Currently, the photo- and spin-chemical machinery of(More)
PURPOSE To optimize high-resolution MR spectroscopy (MRS) for obtaining neurochemical composition of adult zebrafish brain in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS A flow-through setup for supporting MRS of living zebrafish has been designed. In vivo MR microscopy (MRM) images were obtained using a rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (RARE) sequence to(More)
Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC) is a leukodystrophy characterized by myelin vacuolization and caused by mutations in MLC1 or GLIALCAM. Patients with recessive mutations in either MLC1 or GLIALCAM show the same clinical phenotype. It has been shown that GLIALCAM is necessary for the correct targeting of MLC1 to the membrane(More)
Photochemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization (photo-CIDNP) has been observed in membrane fragments of heliobacterium Heliobacillus mobilis without further isolation by (13)C magic-angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR under continuous illumination with white light. In the (13)C photo-CIDNP MAS NMR spectra of heliobacterial membrane fragments, two(More)
Lowe syndrome, which is characterized by defects in the central nervous system, eyes and kidneys, is caused by mutation of the phosphoinositide 5-phosphatase OCRL1. The mechanisms by which loss of OCRL1 leads to the phenotypic manifestations of Lowe syndrome are currently unclear, in part, owing to the lack of an animal model that recapitulates the disease(More)