Ali Vahdati

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Most tissue-engineered cartilage constructs are more compliant than native articular cartilage (AC) and are poorly integrated to the surrounding tissue. To investigate the effect of an implanted tissue-engineered construct (TEC) with these inferior properties on the mechanical environment of both the engineered and adjacent native tissues, a finite element(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play a dual role as a factor in both bone and cartilage development and correspondingly have the therapeutic potential to regenerate both tissues. Given this dual nature, previous in vitro research using BMPs has relied on distinct media formulations and culture conditions to drive undifferentiated cells to the osteogenic(More)
Scaffold-based tissue-engineered constructs as well as cell-free implants offer promising solutions to focal cartilage lesions. However, adequate mechanical stability of these implants in the lesion is required for successful repair. Fibrin is the most common clinically available adhesive for cartilage implant fixation, but fixation quality using fibrin is(More)
Implanted cartilage replacements (ICRs) are a promising approach to restore the functionality of joints with partial- and full-thickness articular cartilage lesions. Two major hurdles hindering successful repair of cartilage injuries with ICRs are their inadequate mechanical properties and fixation into the defect area. While the ICR geometry and mechanical(More)
New orthopedic implants for focal cartilage defects replace only a portion of the articulating joint and wear against the opposing cartilage surface. The objective of this study was to investigate different methodologies to quantify cartilage wear for future use in screening potential implant materials and finishes. In determining the optimal test(More)
by Ali Vahdati Partialand full-thickness cartilage lesions of the knee caused by trauma, disease or joint instability are a common disorder affecting people of all ages. Implanted cartilage replacements (ICR) have the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional treatment methods and are a promising approach to restore functionality of the joint.(More)
OBJECTIVES Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are of significant interest as a renewable source of nonproliferating cells. Differentiation of ESCs is initiated by the formation of embryoid bodies (EBs). Standard methods of EB formation are limited in their production capacity, in any variations in EB size and formation of EBs through frequent passages. Here we(More)
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