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BACKGROUND Diet is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but it varies markedly in different regions of the world. The objectives of the present study were to assess the association between dietary patterns and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) globally. METHODS AND RESULTS INTERHEART is a standardized case-control study involving(More)
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene in humans contains an insertion-deletion polymorphism in its intron 16. Because of its involvement with the renin-angiotensin system, the insertion-deletion polymorphism of the ACE gene has been widely investigated in different populations and in case-control studies. However, similar studies for Arab populations(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Mortality from cardiovascular disease in the Middle East (ME) is projected to increase substantially by 2020. There are no large studies on the impact of risk factors for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the region. This is a report on the association of nine risk factors with AMI in the ME. METHODS AND RESULTS As part of the(More)
The metabolic syndrome, as defined by the International Diabetes Federation, was investigated in five large, extended, highly consanguineous, healthy Omani Arab families of a total of 1277 individuals. Heritability (h2) of the phenotypic abnormalities that make up the syndrome and other related traits was estimated by variance decomposition method using(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) genotype frequencies among Omani Arabs. METHOD A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, based on separation of different size DNA fragments, was developed to test the presence or absence (polymorphism) of a small DNA deletion in the ACE gene. The subjects were 124 Omani Arab students of Sultan(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to determine the frequency of CYP2C9 alleles in Omani patients receiving warfarin and to correlate genotyping data with warfarin dosage. The Omani population has Asian and African ethnicities. METHODS CYP2C9 genotypes were determined by the polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism method.(More)
Subjects with Familial hypercholesterolemia are at increased risk for cardiac events such as premature myocardial infarction and early death from coronary heart disease, especially in patients with severe forms of the disease if left unattended. Therefore, there is an ardent need for the early diagnosis followed by aggressive therapeutic intervention and(More)
The Centralized pan-Middle East Survey on the undertreatment of hypercholesterolemia (CEPHEUS) survey evaluated the attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goals among patients on lipid-lowering drugs (LLDs) according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)-Adult Treatment Panel (ATP-III) guideline. The survey was(More)
We report our experience with Direct Adsorption of Lipoproteins (DALI) apheresis in an Omani pregnant woman affected by homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. To the best of our knowledge this is the first successful pregnancy treated with DALI apheresis. The patient had a history of coronary artery disease, supra-aortic valvular stenosis and severe(More)
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder. Mutations have been found in at least 3 genes: the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), apolipoprotein B (APOB), and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9). We report the first case of FH in an Omani family due to a novel mutation in the LDLR gene. A 9-year-old(More)