Learn More
The existence of a putative membrane estrogen receptor (ER) has been supported by studies accomplished over the past 20 yr. However, the origin and functions of this receptor are not well defined. To study the membrane receptor, we transiently transfected cDNAs for ERalpha or ERbeta into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Transfection of ERalpha resulted in(More)
Recent evidence supports the existence of a plasma membrane ER. In many cells, E2 activates signal transduction and cell proliferation, but the steroid inhibits signaling and growth in other cells. These effects may be related to interactions of ER with signal-modulating proteins in the membrane. It is also unclear how ER moves to the membrane. Here, we(More)
Estrogen receptors (ER) have been localized to the cell plasma membrane (PM), where signal transduction mediates some estradiol (E2) actions. However, the precise structural features of ER that result in membrane localization have not been determined. We obtained a partial tryptic peptide/mass spectrometry analysis of membrane mouse ERalpha protein. Based(More)
Thyroid hormones and insulin regulate numerous cell processes and potentially interact through the transcriptional regulation of key genes. For instance, thyroid hormones stimulate the transcription of the fatty acid synthase and malic enzyme genes in chick embryonic hepatocytes, while insulin amplifies these effects. It is possible that insulin augments(More)
Classical estrogen, progesterone, and androgen receptors (ERs, PRs, and ARs) localize outside the nucleus at the plasma membrane of target cells. From the membrane, the receptors signal to activate kinase cascades that are essential for the modulation of transcription and nongenomic functions in many target cells. ER, PR, and AR trafficking to the membrane(More)
Although rapid signaling by estrogen at the plasma membrane is established, it is controversial as to the nature of the receptor protein. Estrogen may bind membrane proteins comparable to classical nuclear estrogen receptors (ERs), but some studies identify nonclassical receptors, such as G protein-coupled receptor (GPR)30. We took several approaches to(More)
A small pool of estrogen receptors (ERalpha and -beta) localize at the plasma membrane and rapidly signal to affect cellular physiology. Although nuclear ERs function mainly as homodimers, it is unknown whether membrane-localized ER exists or functions with similar requirements. We report that the endogenous ER isoforms at the plasma membrane of breast(More)
Steroid hormones have been reported to indirectly impact mitochondrial functions, attributed to nuclear receptor-induced production of proteins that localize in this cytoplasmic organelle. Here we show high-affinity estrogen receptors in the mitochondria of MCF-7 breast cancer cells and endothelial cells, compatible with classical estrogen receptors ERalpha(More)
The recently described family of proteins, the endothelins, are produced in neurons and bind to extravascular sites in the CNS. To characterize these receptors, we carried out studies on cultures of fetal rat diencephalic glia. Scatchard analysis of saturation binding studies was done for astrocytes (greater than 95% glial fibrillary acidic protein(More)
BRCA1 mutations and estrogen use are risk factors for the development of breast cancer. Recent work has identified estrogen receptors localized at the plasma membrane that signal to cell biology. We examined the impact of BRCA1 on membrane estrogen and growth factor receptor signaling to breast cancer cell proliferation. MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 cells showed a(More)