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Dogs are the domestic reservoir of zoonotic visceral Leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum in the Mediterranean basin and thus constitute an important health problem in both human and veterinary medicine. Until vaccines become available, conventional measures such as epidemiological surveillance including reservoir control will be among the practical(More)
The intracellular protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is the etiological agent of Chagas disease. We have recently identified a T. cruzi-released protein related to thiol-disulfide oxidoreductase family, called Tc52, which is crucial for parasite survival and virulence. In vitro, Tc52 in combination with IFN-gamma activates human macrophages. In vivo,(More)
The ability to manipulate the Leishmania genome to create genetically modified parasites by introducing or eliminating genes is considered a powerful alternative for developing a new generation vaccine against leishmaniasis. Previously, we showed that the deletion of one allele of the Leishmania infantum silent information regulatory 2 (LiSIR2) locus was(More)
The origin of programmed cell death (PCD) has been linked to the emergence of multicellular organisms. Trypanosoma cruzi, a member of one of the earliest diverging eukaryotes, is a protozoan unicellular parasite that undergoes three major differentiation changes and requires two different hosts. We report that the in vitro differentiation of the(More)
An intense suppression of T cell proliferation to mitogens and to antigens is observed in a large number of parasitic infections. The impairment of T cell proliferation also occurred during the acute phase of Chagas' disease, caused by the intracellular protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. A wealth of evidence has accumulated that illustrates the ability(More)
PURPOSE Multiple biochemical and molecular alterations occur in pancreatic cancer cells. In the present study, attempts were made for the first time, to explore the level of expression of members of histone deacetylase encoding genes (HDACs) in four pancreatic tumor cell lines: Panc-1, BxPC-3, SOJ-6 and MiaPaCa-2; and two non-related tumor cells: Jurkat and(More)
There is a rapidly expanding interest into the glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and the structurally related molecules. Many of the latter have been identified as members of conserved protein families sharing structural and some times functional properties being particularly involved in heat-shock response, drug resistance and carcinogenesis. Also,(More)
The intracellular protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is the aetiological agent of Chagas' disease. We have previously identified a T. cruzi-released protein called Tc52, which is crucial for parasite survival and virulence. In the present study, we attempted to define the Tc52 epitope(s) responsible for its immunoregulatory function. A naturally occurring(More)
Trypanothione reductase (TR) is the primary enzyme responsible for the reduction of trypanothione, the analog of glutathione found in trypanosomatidae. We have discovered a series of diphenylsulfides which are potent inhibitors of TR and have no activity on mammalian glutathione reductase. These compounds are also active in vitro on various stages of the(More)
The mechanism(s) of activity of pentavalent antimony [Sb(V)] is poorly understood. In a recent study, we have shown that potassium antimonyl tartrate, a trivalent antimonial [Sb(III)], was substantially more potent than Sb(V) against both promastigotes and axenically grown amastigotes of three Leishmania species, supporting the idea of an in vivo metabolic(More)