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The origin of programmed cell death (PCD) has been linked to the emergence of multicellular organisms. Trypanosoma cruzi, a member of one of the earliest diverging eukaryotes, is a protozoan unicellular parasite that undergoes three major differentiation changes and requires two different hosts. We report that the in vitro differentiation of the(More)
The intracellular protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is the etiological agent of Chagas disease. We have recently identified a T. cruzi-released protein related to thiol-disulfide oxidoreductase family, called Tc52, which is crucial for parasite survival and virulence. In vitro, Tc52 in combination with IFN-gamma activates human macrophages. In vivo,(More)
PURPOSE Multiple biochemical and molecular alterations occur in pancreatic cancer cells. In the present study, attempts were made for the first time, to explore the level of expression of members of histone deacetylase encoding genes (HDACs) in four pancreatic tumor cell lines: Panc-1, BxPC-3, SOJ-6 and MiaPaCa-2; and two non-related tumor cells: Jurkat and(More)
The basic treatment of leishmaniasis consists in the administration of pentavalent antimonials. The mechanisms that contribute to pentavalent antimonial toxicity against the intracellular stage of the parasite (i.e., amastigote) are still unknown. In this study, the combined use of several techniques including DNA fragmentation assay and in situ and(More)
The ability to manipulate the Leishmania genome to create genetically modified parasites by introducing or eliminating genes is considered a powerful alternative for developing a new generation vaccine against leishmaniasis. Previously, we showed that the deletion of one allele of the Leishmania infantum silent information regulatory 2 (LiSIR2) locus was(More)
The mechanism(s) of activity of pentavalent antimony [Sb(V)] is poorly understood. In a recent study, we have shown that potassium antimonyl tartrate, a trivalent antimonial [Sb(III)], was substantially more potent than Sb(V) against both promastigotes and axenically grown amastigotes of three Leishmania species, supporting the idea of an in vivo metabolic(More)
The attachment of Pneumocystis carinii to lung cells could play a role in the pathophysiology of P carinii pneumonia. The trophozoite attaches to type I alveolar epithelial cells. Physical, chemical, and extracellular matrix factors, involved in the mouse-or rat-derived P carinii attachment to fibroblastic cells in culture, were examined using a new model(More)
Dogs are the domestic reservoir of zoonotic visceral Leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum in the Mediterranean basin and thus constitute an important health problem in both human and veterinary medicine. Until vaccines become available, conventional measures such as epidemiological surveillance including reservoir control will be among the practical(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi is highly heterogeneous in terms of genetics and biological properties. To explore the diversity of T. cruzi, we focused our study on the T. cruzi Tc52 protein playing a critical immunosuppressive role during infection. Sequence variability and expression levels of this virulence factor were analysed in various strains. Among the 40 amino(More)