Ali O. Azghani

Learn More
Adherence to host cells is a crucial step by which bacteria initiate an infection but the bacterial determinants of the process are, as yet, poorly understood. In an effort to identify bacterial adhesins responsible for Pseudomonas aeruginosa binding to host cells, we identified porin F (OprF) from the outer membrane of P. aeruginosa as adhesin for human(More)
Tight junctions between cells and adhesion to the substratum maintain the barrier function of epithelia throughout the body. Damage to the epithelial barrier by microbial products allows penetration of bacteria and promotion of infection. We studied the effects of Pseudomonas elastase (PE) on the barrier function of epithelia by using Madin-Darby canine(More)
Posttranscriptional regulation of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) mRNA involves the interaction of a uPAR mRNA coding region sequence with phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK), a 50-kDa uPAR mRNA binding protein. PGK catalyzes a reversible transfer of a phosphoryl group from 1,3-biphosphoglycerate to ADP in the glycolytic pathway. Our previous(More)
Pseudomonas. aeruginosa (PA) is a leading cause of nosocomial pneumonia in patients receiving mechanical ventilation with hyperoxia. Exposure to supraphysiological concentrations of reactive oxygen species during hyperoxia may result in macrophage damage that reduces their ability to phagocytose PA. We tested this hypothesis in cultured macrophage-like RAW(More)
Recurrent pulmonary infection and inflammation are major risk factors for high morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). As such, frequent antibiotic use and drug resistant bacterial strains are main concerns in individuals with CF. Bacterial virulence and resistance are influenced by unique CF airways fluid lining and Pseudomonas(More)
Elastase-deficient mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa are less virulent than the wild type and are easily cleared from the lungs of guinea pigs. The effect of P. aeruginosa elastase on lung epithelium, however, is not yet understood. We addressed the hypothesis that breach of the epithelial barrier by elastase from P. aeruginosa allows invading organisms and(More)
The role of the lung epithelium in lung fluid balance was studied by ventilating anesthetized sheep with an aerosol of 20 mg of elastase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Ps. elastase) to increase lung epithelial permeability without affecting lung endothelial permeability or lung vascular pressures. Ps. elastase had no effect on the lung vascular pressures, the(More)
OBJECTIVES Chronic pulmonary infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients is virtually impossible to eradicate by means of existing free antibiotics. We sought to assess the antibacterial activities of liposomal gentamicin against clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa. METHODS Gentamicin was encapsulated into liposomes with different lipid(More)
INTRODUCTION Liposomal delivery systems have been utilized in developing effective therapeutics against cancer and targeting microorganisms in and out of host cells and within biofilm community. The most attractive feature of liposome-based drugs are enhancing therapeutic index of the new or existing drugs while minimizing their adverse effects. AREAS(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cenocepacia (formally, genomovar III genotype of Burkholderia cepacia complex) have emerged as serious opportunistic resistant pathogens in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We have developed a liposomal formulation containing bismuth-ethanedithiol (BiEDT) and tobramycin to overcome bacterial resistance. The(More)