Learn More
The dynamic cerebral blood flow response to sudden hypotension during posture change is poorly understood. To better understand the cardiovascular response to hypotension, we used a windkessel model with two resistors and a capacitor to reproduce beat-to-beat changes in middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (transcranial Doppler measurements) in(More)
Motivated by the need for three-dimensional methods for interface calculations that can deal with topology changes, we describe a numerical scheme, built from a volume-of-fluid interface tracking technique that uses a piecewise-linear interface calculation in each cell. Momentum balance is computed using explicit finite volume/finite differences on a(More)
The transcription factor p53 is an important regulator of cell fate. Mutations in p53 gene are associated with many cancers. In response to signals such as DNA damage , p53 controls the transcription of a series of genes that cause cell cycle arrest during which DNA damage is repaired, or triggers programmed cell death that eliminates possibly cancerous(More)
Windkessel and similar lumped models are often used to represent blood flow and pressure in systemic arteries. The windkessel model was originally developed by Stephen Hales (1733) and Otto Frank (1899) who used it to describe blood flow in the heart. In this paper we start with the onedimensional axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations for time-dependent(More)
Molecular detection of microorganisms requires microbial cell disruption to release nucleic acids. Sensitive detection of thick-walled microorganisms such as Bacillus spores and Mycobacterium cells typically necessitates mechanical disruption through bead beating or sonication, using benchtop instruments that require line power. Miniaturized, low-power,(More)
Several recent experiments on DNA-damage-induced signaling networks in mammalian cells have shown interesting dynamics in p53 protein expression during the repair cycle. Pulses of p53 are produced, whose frequency and amplitude are fairly independent of the amount of damage, but the probability of a cell exhibiting this pulsatile behavior increases with(More)
Small-amplitude axisymmetric shape deformations of a viscoelastic liquid drop in microgravity are theoretically analyzed. Using the Jeffreys constitutive equation for linear viscoelasticity, the characteristic equation for the frequency and decay factor of the shape oscillations is derived. Asymptotic analysis of this equation is performed in the low- and(More)
Reversible interactions between DNA and silica are utilized in the solid phase extraction and purification of DNA from complex samples. Chaotropic salts commonly drive DNA binding to silica but inhibit DNA polymerase amplification. We studied DNA adsorption to silica using conditions with or without chaotropic salts through bulk depletion and quartz crystal(More)
Solid phase extraction and purification of DNA from complex samples typically requires chaotropic salts that can inhibit downstream polymerase amplification if carried into the elution buffer. Amino acid buffers may serve as a more compatible alternative for modulating the interaction between DNA and silica surfaces. We characterized DNA binding to silica(More)
A circular drop is a linearly stable solution for the buoyancy-driven motion of drops in a Hele-Shaw cell [Gupta et al. J. Colloid Interface Sci.218(1), 338 (1999)]. In the absence of surface-active agents, an initially prolate drop always goes to a steady circular shape while initially oblate drops exhibit complex dynamics [Gupta et al. J. Colloid(More)