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OBJECTIVES Elaidic acid, the predominant trans-fatty acid in industrially hydrogenated oils, exists on high levels in Iranian hydrogenated oils and margarines. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of elaidic acid and its cis-counterpart oleic acid on expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on human bone marrow endothelial cells (HBMECs). DESIGN AND(More)
Angiogenesis is a key process in the promotion of cancer and its metastasis. Herein, the antiangiogenic activity of Salvia officinalis extract and its fractions was investigated. S. officinalis aerial parts were extracted with ethanol and its successive hexane, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and aqueous fractions were evaluated for their antiangiogenic activities(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Bowman-Birk protease inhibitor (BBI) has been well known to suppress the emergence and progression of different cancers. In the present study, the mechanisms by which BBI alters cancers have been addressed. To reach this goal, the effects of BBI on proliferation of and VEGF secretion by two cell lines (AGS: gastric adenocarcinoma and(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent, broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic drug used for treatment of several types of cancers. Despite its effectiveness, it has a wide range of toxic side effects, many of which most likely result from its inherent prooxidant activity. It has been reported that DOX has toxic effects on normal tissues, including brain tissue. In the(More)
Inhibition of angiogenesis has become a particular interest for treatment of solid tumors. Endostatin, a C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, has been reported to exhibit potent inhibitory effect on endothelial cells proliferation, migration and tube formation. In this research, the cDNA library of endostatin was synthesized from mouse liver and inserted(More)
Shark cartilage has proven to have inhibitory effects on angiogenesis. In this research, we studied the effects of shark cartilage on the immune system. Firstly, we isolated and purified a shark cartilage protein fraction with the most immunostimulatory effects. Our fraction was composed of two proteins with molecular weights of about 14 and 15 kDa. This(More)
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.), Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) and Longleaf (Falcaria vulgaris Bernh) that all belong to Apiaceae family as medicinal plants are very important in many countries. Study of genetic diversity for medicinal plant is important for researches in future. One of the methods to evaluate plant genetic diversity and classification of them(More)
INTRODUCTION The amount and type of fatty acids (FAs) in the diet influence the risk of atherosclerosis. Palmitic acid and linoleic acid exist at high levels in Iranian edible oils. In this study, we investigated the effect of palmitic acid and linoleic acid on expression of soluble and cell-associated forms of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and(More)
INTRODUCTION Alliumplants are an important part of the diet of many populations and there is a long-held belief in their health-enhancing properties such as cancer prevention. In this study, the anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities of the aqueous extract of the Allium ascalonicum bulbs have been studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS The antiproliferative(More)
BACKGROUND Insights into long-term clinical consequences of sulfur mustard have emerged from some investigations but less is known about the basic and molecular mechanisms of these complications. Sardasht-Iran Cohort Study is a comprehensive historical cohort study on Sardasht chemical victims' population which was designed to find out the long-term(More)