Learn More
BACKGROUND The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a widely used instrument to measure psychological morbidity in cancer patients. This study aimed to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the HADS. METHODS The English language version of the HADS was translated into Persian (Iranian language) and was used(More)
BACKGROUND As Iran started to experience population ageing, it is important to consider and address the elderly people's needs and concerns, which might have direct impacts on their well-being and quality of life. There have been only a few researches into different aspects of life of the elderly population in Iran including their health-related quality of(More)
BACKGROUND Seroma formation is the most frequent postoperative complication after breast cancer surgery. We carried out a study to investigate the effect of various demographic, clinical and therapeutic variables on seroma formation. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective cross sectional study of patients who underwent surgical therapy for breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND The 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) as a shorter alternative of the SF-36 is largely used in health outcomes surveys. The aim of this study was to validate the SF-12 in Iran. METHODS A random sample of the general population aged 15 years and over living in Tehran, Iran completed the SF-12. Reliability was estimated using internal(More)
BACKGROUND The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a widely used instrument to measure postnatal depression. This study aimed to translate and to test the reliability and validity of the EPDS in Iran. METHODS The English language version of the EPDS was translated into Persian (Iranian language) and was used in this study. The questionnaire was(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to explore withdrawal users' experiences of and attitudes to contraceptive methods in Tehran, Iran. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study. A sample of women attending a health care center in Tehran, Iran was entered into the study. To collect data structured interviews were conducted. RESULTS In all 300 women who(More)
BACKGROUND Zingiber officinale R. rhizome (ginger) is a popular spice that has traditionally been used to combat the effects of various inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ginger on pain relief in primary dysmenorrhea. METHOD This was a randomized, controlled trial. The study was based on a sample of one hundred and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between educational level and self-reported health in an Iranian population, in order to provide evidence on social inequalities in health from a country in which such data need to be collected. METHODS This population-based study was carried out in Tehran, Iran. Individuals aged 15(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that causes short and long-term complications. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of sexual dysfunctions (SD) among diabetic patients in Iran and to examine whether glycemic control has a role in SD. METHODS A consecutive sample of diabetic women and men who were registered in the Isfahan(More)