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N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists have been demonstrated to induce schizophrenia-like symptoms and cognitive impairment in humans. The NMDA receptor has been strongly implicated in memory, but research to date on the effects of NMDA antagonists has examined only some aspects of human memory functions. This study used a double-blind,(More)
Ketamine is an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist that has medical indications but is also used as a recreational drug. Previous research has found persisting cognitive and psychotogenic effects of ketamine in chronic abusers of this drug 3 days after an acute dose. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of ketamine on two processes(More)
Objective.A biasing effect of the electromyogram (EMG) on the Bispectral Index (BIS) may explain discrepancies in previous studies assessing BIS in the presence of neuromuscular activity. Our aims were: to evaluate variations of BIS in the presence of high EMG activity associated with muscular rigidity after administration of high-dose fentanyl; to compare(More)
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