Ali Mahmoud Ghanem

Learn More
PURPOSE Relief of gastric outlet and distal biliary obstruction may be accomplished by open surgery or by minimally invasive techniques including endoscopic and laparoscopic approaches. We examined the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic gastric and biliary bypass in all patients with malignant and benign disease requiring surgical relief of obstructive(More)
The widespread use of microsurgery in numerous surgical fields has increased the need for basic microsurgical training outside of the operating room. The traditional start of microsurgical training has been in undertaking a 5-day basic microsurgery course. In an era characterised by financial constraints in academic and healthcare institutions as well as(More)
Plastic surgery training worldwide has seen a thorough restructuring over the past decade, with the introduction of formal training curricula and work-based assessment tools. Part of this process has been the introduction of revalidation and a greater use of simulation in training delivery. Simulation is an increasingly important tool for educators because(More)
This review aims to provide a summary of the flowmeter devices used in microvascular surgery and assesses their contribution to improving the clinical outcomes of free tissue transfer. Flowmeters are widely accepted as the standard method of intraoperative assessment of the patency of coronary vascular anastomoses, providing thresholds that predict outcome.(More)
BACKGROUND Simulation training is becoming an increasingly important component of skills acquisition in surgical specialties, including Plastic Surgery. Non-living simulation models have an established place in Plastic Surgical microsurgery training, and support the principles of replacement, reduction and refinement of animal use. A more sophisticated(More)
BACKGROUND Over the last decade, simulation has become a principal training method in microsurgery. With an increasing move toward the use of nonliving models, there is a need to develop methods for assessment of microvascular anastomosis skill acquisition substituting traditional patency rate. The authors present and validate a novel method of(More)
In the last decade surgical training is being revolutionized by two novel concepts that have been introduced to almost all branches of surgery including and most recently to microsurgery. These two concepts are: objective assessments of surgical skills and the nurturing of surgical skills in a simulation laboratory setting. Acquiring surgical skills in the(More)
BACKGROUND Keloid scars cause pain, itching, functional limitation, and disfigurement, leading to psychological distress. Progress in treatment regimens is hindered by the lack of a universally accepted outcome measure. The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale is a tool for the assessment of scars, incorporating an assessment by both clinician and(More)
Background The aim of this article is to evaluate the difference in skills acquisition of two end-to-end microvascular anastomosis techniques-the triangulation and biangulation-in early microsurgery training. Method In this study, 32 candidates ranging from medical students to higher surgical trainees underwent a 5-day basic microsurgery course. On days 3(More)
Microsurgery is a precise surgical skill that requires an extensive training period and the supervision of expert instructors. The classical training schemes in microsurgery have started with multiday experimental courses on the rat model. These courses have offered a low threat supervised high fidelity laboratory setting in which students can steadily and(More)