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Thirty patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) were randomly selected to participate in this study which evaluated the inter rater reliability of the original and of the modified Ashworth scale for the assessment of spasticity in the lower limbs. A doctor and a physiotherapist rated the muscle tone of hip adductors, hip extensors, hip flexors and ankle(More)
Twenty eight patients with severe, intractable spasticity have been treated by chronic intrathecal administration of baclofen. An implantable programmable drug-administration-device (DAD) was used with a permanent intrathecal catheter. Infusion of 50 to 800 micrograms/day of baclofen completely abolished spasticity. Follow-up was up to two years.(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a technique for continuously monitoring intraspinal pressure at the injury site (intraspinal pressure) after traumatic spinal cord injury. DESIGN A pressure probe was placed subdurally at the injury site in 18 patients who had isolated severe traumatic spinal cord injury (American Spinal Injuries Association grades A-C). Intraspinal(More)
In current clinical practice the degree of paraplegia or quadriplegia is objectively determined with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP). We measured the MEG signal following electrical stimulation of upper and lower limbs in two normal and three clinically complete paraplegic subjects. From the MEG signal we(More)
This article was presented at the Premeeting Workshop on Outcome Measures at the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Annual Scientific Meeting in Dallas, Texas, in May 2005. The article summarizes preliminary findings of three quantitative sensory tests that were evaluated as part of the International Spinal Research Trust Clinical Initiative study:(More)
Lung function in patients following an acute spinal injury is frequently much more compromised than may be expected from the level of injury and the chest radiograph appearance. Experimental evidence in anaesthetised patients and subsequently our own experience with patients with acute spinal injuries suggested that in paralysed patients lung changes were(More)
The medical records of 46 consecutive patients who have had intrathecal Baclofen drug delivery systems implanted in the National Spinal Injuries Centre, the Paddocks Hospital Spinal Unit, Princes Risborough, Lodge Moor Hospital Spinal Unit, Sheffield, the Northern Regional Spinal Injuries Unit, Hexham and The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, were reviewed.(More)
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a potentially disabling complication of spinal injuries and other chronic disorders. It is of unknown aetiology and currently there is no easy or convenient diagnostic method that will allow very early confirmation of the inflammatory changes that precede osteoid and, later, true bone formation. Clinical experience, however,(More)
Clinical practice and scientific research may soon lead to treatments designed to repair spinal cord injury. Repair is likely to be partial in the first trials, extending only one or two segments below the original injury. Furthermore, treatments that are becoming available are likely to be applied to the thoracic spinal cord to minimise loss of function(More)
Spasticity is a common problem following spinal cord injury. The drug of choice to control spasms is baclofen. There would appear to be no reported studies which have evaluated the psychological and emotional effect of this drug. This preliminary study investigated a number of such effects, including depression, anxiety and general mood state. First, we(More)