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OBJECTIVES To develop a technique for continuously monitoring intraspinal pressure at the injury site (intraspinal pressure) after traumatic spinal cord injury. DESIGN A pressure probe was placed subdurally at the injury site in 18 patients who had isolated severe traumatic spinal cord injury (American Spinal Injuries Association grades A-C). Intraspinal(More)
In current clinical practice the degree of paraplegia or quadriplegia is objectively determined with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP). We measured the MEG signal following electrical stimulation of upper and lower limbs in two normal and three clinically complete paraplegic subjects. From the MEG signal we(More)
Clinical practice and scientific research may soon lead to treatments designed to repair spinal cord injury. Repair is likely to be partial in the first trials, extending only one or two segments below the original injury. Furthermore, treatments that are becoming available are likely to be applied to the thoracic spinal cord to minimise loss of function(More)
Thirty patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) were randomly selected to participate in this study which evaluated the inter rater reliability of the original and of the modified Ashworth scale for the assessment of spasticity in the lower limbs. A doctor and a physiotherapist rated the muscle tone of hip adductors, hip extensors, hip flexors and ankle(More)
Twenty eight patients with severe, intractable spasticity have been treated by chronic intrathecal administration of baclofen. An implantable programmable drug-administration-device (DAD) was used with a permanent intrathecal catheter. Infusion of 50 to 800 micrograms/day of baclofen completely abolished spasticity. Follow-up was up to two years.(More)
Spasticity is a common problem following spinal cord injury. The drug of choice to control spasms is baclofen. There would appear to be no reported studies which have evaluated the psychological and emotional effect of this drug. This preliminary study investigated a number of such effects, including depression, anxiety and general mood state. First, we(More)
This article was presented at the Premeeting Workshop on Outcome Measures at the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Annual Scientific Meeting in Dallas, Texas, in May 2005. The article summarizes preliminary findings of three quantitative sensory tests that were evaluated as part of the International Spinal Research Trust Clinical Initiative study:(More)
The medical records of 46 consecutive patients who have had intrathecal Baclofen drug delivery systems implanted in the National Spinal Injuries Centre, the Paddocks Hospital Spinal Unit, Princes Risborough, Lodge Moor Hospital Spinal Unit, Sheffield, the Northern Regional Spinal Injuries Unit, Hexham and The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, were reviewed.(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES To evaluate whether undernutrition risk measured using the Spinal Nutrition Screening Tool (SNST) and the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) is associated with worse clinical outcomes in respect of length of in-patient hospital stay (LOS) and mortality in the 12 months after admission to a spinal cord injuries (SCIs) centre.(More)
This article reviews methods that have been developed as part of a clinical initiative on improving outcome measures for motor function assessment in subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI). Physiological motor outcome measures originally developed for limbs-transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex to elicit motor-evoked potentials (MEPs)(More)