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Bezoar is defined as the accumulation of organic or nonbiological substances inside the gastrointestinal system. Trichobezoars are the most frequently detected ones and are mostly present in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. The continuance of the trichobezoar tail-shaped extension over the duodenum and jejunum is described in Rapunzel syndrome.(More)
Congenital diarrheal disorders consist of a variety of chronic enteropathies. There are approximately 30 different diseases that can be classified into four groups according to the mechanisms involved in pathogenesis: (i) absorption and transport of nutrients and electrolytes; (ii) enterocyte differentiation and polarization; (iii) enteroendocrine cell(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In contrast to many other studies of probiotic species, the number of publications evaluating Bifidobacterium lactis and its combinations with prebiotics as treatments for acute infectious diarrhea is limited. We investigated the synbiotic effects of B. lactis B94 plus inulin on acute infectious diarrhea. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study(More)
In infants with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), the risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) is unknown, and there is a lack of prospective studies showing definitive evidence regarding the benefits and necessity of antibiotic prophylaxis. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of UTI in infants with UPJO and to determine whether the risk(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the preferred method to provide nutritional support for patients with normal gastrointestinal function but cannot be fed orally for a variety of reasons. Owing to safety concerns, the first feeding after PEG tube placement is generally delayed. Early feeding may be an option; however, childhood studies(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of post-ischemic pentoxifylline (PTX) therapy on the gut injury in neonatal rat model of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). METHODS Seven-day-old Wistar rat pups (n = 24) of either sex, delivered spontaneously, were used in this experimental study. Seven-day-old rat pups were randomly divided into(More)
In our study, we aimed to investigate ischemia modified albumin (IMA) as an oxidative stress marker, as well as other oxidant and antioxidant markers that have not been evaluated in children with celiac disease. A total of 37 pediatric patients who were diagnosed with celiac disease (CD) and 29 healthy children were enrolled in this prospective study. We(More)
Pancreatitis is among rare diseases in pediatrics clinics. It is usually presented with a sign of underlying systemic disease. Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a very rare disease characterized by near absence of adipose tissue resulting in apparent muscle hypertrophy from birth or early infancy associated with severe insulin resistance.(More)
AIM To investigate the roles of the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), substance P (SP), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in chronic gastritis and duodenitis in children. METHODS Biopsy samples from the gastric and duodenal mucosa of 52 patients and 30 control subjects were obtained. Samples were taken for pathological(More)