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Pattern recognition tasks often face the situation that training data are not fully representative of test data. This problem is well-recognized in speech recognition, where methods like cepstral mean normalization (CMN), vocal tract length normalization (VTLN) and maximum likelihood linear regression (MLLR) are used to compensate for channel and speaker(More)
Real options analysis was often recommended as an emerging valuation technique for high-risk investment projects. Former inter-sectoral surveys have drawn an ambivalent picture of real options usage in general. In addition, there is a lack of sector-specific investigations. In the following article the results of an in-depth analysis of collected empirical(More)
Recent advances in the area of computer vision has led to the development of various assisted diagnostics systems for the detection of melanoma in the patients. Texture and color are considered as two fundamental visual characteristics which are vital for the detection of melanoma. This paper proposes the use of a combination of texture and color features(More)
This paper studies the problem of dynamic Routing and Wavelength Assignment (RWA) in Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) networks with the wavelength the continuity constraint applied. A hybrid algorithm using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), inspired by an Ant System (AS), is used. For the routing sub-problem, particles of the swarm use the tour(More)
Abstract We present an integral equation method for conformal mapping of doubly connected regions onto a unit disc with a circular slit of radius μ < 1. Our theoretical development is based on the boundary integral equation for conformal mapping of doubly connected region derived by Murid and Razali [15]. In this paper, using the boundary relationship(More)
The extraction of intended kinetic information from an EEG signal can have several applications related to the rehabilitation for subjects with various neurological disorders. However, the task is mainly constrained by the low signal-to-noise ratio for the EEG signals. It is well known that the cortical activity takes place at a very low frequency since it(More)
Greater demand of bandwidth and network usage flexibility from customers along with new automated means for network resource management has led to the concept of dynamic resource provisioning in WDM optical networks where unlike the traditional static channel assignment process, network resources can be assigned dynamically. This paper examines a novel(More)