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Although an autonomous mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is useful in many scenarios, a MANET connected to the Internet is more desirable. This interconnection is achieved by using gateways, which act as bridges between a MANET and the Internet. Before a mobile node can communicate with an Internet host it needs to find a route to a gateway. Thus, a gateway(More)
One of the challenges that must be overcome to realize the practical benefits of ad hoc networks is quality of service (QoS). However, the IEEE 802.11 standard, which undeniably is the most widespread wireless technology of choice for WLANs and ad hoc networks , does not address this issue. In order to support applications with QoS requirements, the(More)
Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) have the potentialities to greatly penetrate the marketplace in the next decade. They can be considered a hybrid between wireless infrastructure and ad-hoc networks; no other network infrastructure is needed other than the mesh points, thus providing flexibility in building and expanding the network, allowing for automatic(More)
As the use of WLANs based on IEEE 802.11 increases, the need for QoS becomes more obvious. The new IEEE 802.11e standard aims at providing QoS, but its contention-based medium access mechanism, EDCA, provides only service differentiation, i.e. soft QoS. In order to provide hard QoS, earlier we have proposed an extension called EDCA with resource reservation(More)
The current level of pooling and sharing between fixed and mobile infrastructures is not sufficient to allow the most efficient use of network resources, whether fixed, mobile, or Wi-Fi. In the perspective of 5G networks, efficient resource sharing of fixed and mobile infrastructures, called structural convergence, will be essential in the path toward an(More)
The integration of the internet and ad hoc mobile host can be used to eliminate dead zones in the wireless network, and can also be used to extend the coverage of wireless networks. This paper utilizes extended Ad hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV) for interconnection of MANET with Internet. An approach is presented to reduce the search cost; such as(More)
— Environmental education and public awareness especially in developing countries is a way to conserve environment and natural resources and to decline development impacts. In this paper 300 students of B.Sc., M.Sc. and Ph.D. of University of Tehran were be asked. In every group, number of males and females were equal. After collection of questionnaires,(More)
In ad hoc mobile networks nodes typically communicate over wireless channels and are capable of movement. These are networks that support multihop communication and can be formed on a temporary basis. This paper evaluates a solution that allows mobile nodes to access the wired Internet and roam from base station to base station. The solution is based on the(More)