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Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1 was isolated after enrichment on minimal medium with 1% (vol/vol) toluene as the sole C source. The strain was able to grow in the presence of 90% (vol/vol) toluene and was tolerant to organic solvents whose log P(ow) (octanol/water partition coefficient) was higher than 2.3. Solvent tolerance was inducible, as bacteria grown in(More)
The development of tolerance in Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1 to toluene and related highly toxic compounds involves short- and long-term responses. The short-term response is based on an increase in the rigidity of the cell membrane by rapid transformation of the fatty acid cis-9,10-methylene hexadecanoic acid (C17:cyclopropane) to unsaturated(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens 410PR grows on 4-nitrobenzoate but does not metabolize 4-nitrotoluene. The TOL pWW0 delta pm plasmid converts 4-nitrotoluene into 4-nitrobenzoate through its upper pathway, but it does not metabolize 4-nitrobenzoate. P. fluorescens 410PR(pWW0 delta pm) transconjugants were isolated and found to be able to grow on 4-nitrotoluene. This(More)
Polynitroaromatic explosives such as 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (picric acid) and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) are toxic and recalcitrant environmental pollutants. They persist in the environment due to the highly inactivated pi system of their aromatic rings, which are inaccessible to dioxygenases that normally initiate the bacterial aerobic catabolism of(More)
The products of condensation of organic alcohols and nitric acid are nitrate esters with the general structure C-O-NO2. These products are widely employed as vasodilators and explosives, and are true xenobiotic compounds, as they do not occur in nature. We have isolated and characterized a consortium of two microorganisms, Arthrobacter ilicis and(More)
The titanocene-catalyzed cascade cyclization of epoxypolyenes, which are easily prepared from commercially available polyprenoids, has proven to be a useful procedure for the synthesis of C(10), C(15), C(20), and C(30) terpenoids, including monocyclic, bicyclic, and tricyclic natural products. Both theoretical and experimental evidence suggests that this(More)
Aromatic carboxylic acids substituted with methoxylated groups are among the most abundant products in "alpechin", the wastes resulting from pressing olives to obtain olive oil. Degradation of o-methoxybenzoate by an stable consortium made of a gram positive bacterium, Arthrobacter oxydans, and gram negative one, Pantotea agglomerans, was shown to(More)
Two new saikosaponins have been identified in the butanolic fraction of the ethanol extract of the roots of Bupleurum spinosum: 3beta,16alpha,23,28-tetrahydroxyoleana-11,13(18)-dien- 30-oic acid 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 --> 2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 --> 3)-beta-D-fucopyranoside, and 3beta,16alpha,23,28,30-pentahydroxyoleana-11,13(18)-diene(More)
A quasi-defined medium that supports the growth of Streptococcus agalactiae as pigmented colonies has been developed. The medium contains starch, a peptic digest of albumin, amino acids, nucleosides, vitamins, and salts. The presence of free cysteine, which could be replaced with other sulphur-containing compounds and to a lesser degree by reducing agents,(More)