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Despite its being one of the most commonly observed neurological disorders, neuropathological studies of essential tremor (ET) are rare. There have been surprisingly few autopsy studies and even fewer case-control comparisons. The primary objective was to describe and quantify the pathological changes in 33 ET and 21 control brains. A secondary objective(More)
To determine the extent that different dopamine (DA) neuronal markers provide similar estimates of striatal (caudate and putamen) DA nerve terminal loss in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), we compared, in postmortem striatum of 12 patients with PD and 10 matched controls, levels of five different DA neuronal markers. These markers included DA itself,(More)
BACKGROUND The best way to initiate dopaminergic therapy for early Parkinson disease remains unclear. OBJECTIVE To compare initial treatment with pramipexole vs levodopa in early Parkinson disease, followed by levodopa supplementation, with respect to the development of dopaminergic motor complications, other adverse events, and functional and(More)
Clinical diagnosis of Parkinson's syndrome (PS) is reasonably easy in most cases but the distinction between different variants of PS may be difficult in early cases. The correct diagnosis is not only important for counselling and management of patients but also in conducting pharmacological and epidemiological studies. There is very little critical(More)
The identification of genetic causes for Mendelian disorders has been based on the collection of multi-incident families, linkage analysis, and sequencing of genes in candidate intervals. This study describes the application of next-generation sequencing technologies to a Swiss kindred presenting with autosomal-dominant, late-onset Parkinson disease (PD).(More)
A recent demonstration of markedly reduced (-50%) activity of cytochrome oxidase (CO; complex 4), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial enzyme transport chain, in platelets of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) suggested the possibility of a systemic and etiologically fundamental CO defect in AD. To determine whether a CO deficiency occurs in AD(More)
BACKGROUND Alpha-synuclein plays a central role in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease. Three missense mutations in SNCA, the gene encoding alpha-synuclein, as well as genomic multiplications have been identified as causes for autosomal-dominantly inherited Parkinsonism. METHODS Here, we describe a novel missense mutation in exon 4 of SNCA encoding(More)
BACKGROUND Individual variations in the course of Lewy body Parkinson disease (PD) are well known. Patients have been classified into different clinical subtypes to identify differences in the course among the subgroups. Several studies indicate that the outcome is more favorable in tremor dominant (TD) cases but others report no difference. A majority of(More)
Interest in serotonergic involvement in Parkinson's disease (PD) has focussed recently on the possibility that the remaining serotonin neurons innervating striatum (caudate and putamen) might release dopamine as a 'false transmitter'--an action that could have both beneficial and harmful (e.g. promotion of levodopa-induced dyskinesias) consequences.(More)
PURPOSE To test the ability of susceptibility weighted images (SWI) and high pass filtered phase images to localize and quantify brain iron. MATERIALS AND METHODS Magnetic resonance (MR) images of human cadaver brain hemispheres were collected using a gradient echo based SWI sequence at 1.5T. For X-ray fluorescence (XRF) mapping, each brain was cut to(More)