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Cortical spreading depression (CSD) occurrence has been suggested to be associated with seizures, migraine aura, head injury and brain ischemia-infarction. Only few studies identified CSD in human neocortical slices and no comprehensive study so far evaluated this phenomenon in human. Using the neocortical tissue excised for treatment of intractable(More)
  • A Gorji
  • 2001
Spreading depression (SD), a transient reversible phenomenon with characteristic ionic, metabolic and hemodynamic changes, has been known for over 55 years. A vast number of studies into this mysterious experimental event provides evidence for SD involvement in brain pathophysiology. There is sufficient evidence to admit that SD plays an important role in(More)
Spreading depolarization of cells in cerebral grey matter is characterized by massive ion translocation, neuronal swelling and large changes in direct current-coupled voltage recording. The near-complete sustained depolarization above the inactivation threshold for action potential generating channels initiates spreading depression of brain activity. In(More)
Spreading depression (SD) is an intrinsic bioelectrical property of the human central nervous system, which plays a key role in neurological disorders. In the present study, we investigated whether experimentally induced repetitive SD caused neuronal death in cortical and subcortical regions of the juvenile rat brain. The animals were anesthetized and the(More)
Functional changes in neuronal circuitry reflected in spontaneously occurring synchronous sharp field potentials (SSFP) have been reported to occur in human brain suffering from chronic epileptogenicity but not in primary nonepileptic tissue from peritumoral resectates. Voltage sensitive dyes and fast imaging were used to visualize spontaneously occurring(More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) has been suggested to underlie some neurological disorders such as migraine. Despite the intensity with which many investigators have studied SD in the brain, only a few studies have aimed to identify SD in the spinal cord. Here we described the main characteristic features of SD in the spinal cord induced by different(More)
Absence seizures are characterized by bilateral spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) in thalamo-cortical circuits. In view of clinical studies indicating a critical involvement of intralaminar thalamic nuclei, we thought it timely to characterize the specific role and activity patterns of the respective neurons. Electrocorticographic (ECoG), intracellular, and(More)
Growing numbers of evidence indicate that cognitive impairments are part of clinical profile of childhood absence epilepsy. Little is known on neuropathological changes accompanied by cognitive deficits in absence epilepsy. The aim of the present study was to investigate age-dependent neuropathological changes accompanied by learning and memory impairments(More)
UNLABELLED Lavender essential oil has been used as an anxiolytic drug, a mood stabilizer, a sedative, spasmolytic, antihypertensive, antimicrobial, analgesic agent as well as a wound healing accelerator. We have studied for the first time the efficacy of lavender essential oil inhalation for the treatment of migraine in a placebo-controlled clinical trial.(More)
PURPOSE The mechanisms of drug resistance in epilepsy are only incompletely understood. According to a current concept, overexpression of drug efflux transporters at the blood-brain barrier may reduce levels of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in epileptogenic brain tissue. Increased expression of drug efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein has been found in(More)