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The human adenovirus E1B gene encodes a 55-kilodalton protein that inactivates the cellular tumor suppressor protein p53. Here it is shown that a mutant adenovirus that does not express this viral protein can replicate in and lyse p53-deficient human tumor cells but not cells with functional p53. Ectopic expression of the 55-kilodalton EIB protein in the(More)
The retinoblastoma protein (pRB) plays an important role in the control of cell proliferation, apparently by binding to and regulating cellular transcription factors such as E2F. Here we describe the characterization of a cDNA clone that encodes a protein with properties of E2F. This clone, RBP3, was identified by the ability of its gene product to interact(More)
The association of cdk4 with D-type cyclins to form functional kinase complexes is comparatively inefficient. This has led to the suggestion that assembly might be a regulated step. In this report we demonstrate that the CDK inhibitors p21(CIP), p27(KIP), and p57(KIP2) all promote the association of cdk4 with the D-type cyclins. This effect is specific and(More)
The cellular protein p107 shares many structural and biochemical features with the retinoblastoma gene product, pRB. We have isolated a full-length cDNA for human p107 and have used this clone to study the function of p107. We show that, like pRB, p107 is a potent inhibitor of E2F-mediated trans-activation, and overexpression of p107 can inhibit(More)
Macromolecular interactions define many biological phenomena. Although genetic methods are available to identify novel protein-protein and DNA-protein interactions, no genetic system has thus far been described to identify molecules or mutations that dissociate known interactions. Herein, we describe genetic systems that detect such events in the yeast(More)
Loss of a functional retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene product, pRB, is a key step in the development of many human tumors. pRB is a negative regulator of cell proliferation and appears to participate in control of entry into the S phase of the cell cycle. The recent demonstration that pRB binds to transcription factor E2F has provided a model for the(More)
Progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle requires phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma gene product (pRb) by the cyclin D-dependent kinases CDK4 and CDK6, whose activity can specifically be blocked by the CDK inhibitor p16(INK4A). Misregulation of the pRb/cyclin D/p16(INK4A) pathway is one of the most common events in human cancer and has lead to(More)
Activation of the Cdc2.cyclin B kinase is a pivotal step of mitotic initiation. This step is mediated principally by the dephosphorylation of residues threonine 14 (Thr14) and tyrosine 15 (Tyr15) on the Cdc2 catalytic subunit. In several organisms homologs of the Wee1 kinase have been shown to be the major activity responsible for phosphorylating the Tyr15(More)
The E2F transcription factor has been implicated in the regulation of genes whose products are involved in cell proliferation. Two proteins have recently been identified with E2F-like properties. One of these proteins, E2F-1, has been shown to mediate E2F-dependent trans-activation and to bind the hypophosphorylated form of the retinoblastoma protein (pRB).(More)
We have engineered a human adenovirus, ONYX-411, that selectively replicates in human tumor cells, but not normal cells, depending upon the status of their retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (pRB) pathway. Early and late viral gene expression as well as DNA replication were significantly reduced in a functional pRB-pathway-dependent manner, resulting(More)