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According to previous animal studies, aluminium phosphides (AlPs) may induce oxidative stress leading to generation of free radicals and alteration in antioxidant defense system. This study was conducted to evaluate the existence and degree of oxidative stress in patients with acute AlP ingestion. A total of 44 acute AlP ingested patients as well as 44 age-(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients are brought to crowded emergency departments (ED) of hospitals every day for evaluation of head injuries, headaches, neurologic deficits etc. CT scan of the head is the most common diagnostic measure used to search for pathologies. In many EDs the initial interpretation of images are performed by emergency physicians (EP). Since(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasound (US) may provide the emergency physician with the ability to do real-time assessment of fracture reduction adequacy. OBJECTIVES To assess whether US guidance aids in determining the adequacy of distal radius fracture reduction in the emergency department (ED), and to compare the rates of successful reduction with and without US. (More)
INTRODUCTION Timely diagnosis and treatment of post-traumatic elevated intracranial pressure (EICP) could be reduced morbidity and mortality, and improved patients' outcome. This study is trying to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of sonographic optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in detection of EICP. METHODS Sonographic ONSD of patients with head trauma(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior shoulder dislocation (ASD) is one of the most common reasons for referrals to emergency departments (ED). Usually, a combination of an intravenous narcotic and a benzodiazepine is used for procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) in such cases. OBJECTIVES This study compares the efficacy of two combinations to reduce ASD. PATIENTS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a well-recognized cause of mortality in trauma victims and the control of active hemorrhage is among the initial steps in resuscitation. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the role of a hemostatic agent "celox" in the management of civilian stab-wound trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this clinical(More)
INTRODUCTION Vertigo prevalence is estimated to be 1.8% among young adults and more than 30% in the elderly. 13-38% of the referrals of patients over 65 years old in America are due to vertigo. Vertigo does not increase the risk of mortality but it can affect the patient's quality of life. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the epidemiologic(More)
INTRODUCTION Ankle fracture is one of the most common joint fractures. X-ray and physical examination are its main methods of diagnosis. Recently, ultrasonography (US) is considered as a simple and non-invasive method of fracture diagnosis. This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of US in detection of ankle fracture in comparison to plain radiography.(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid and proper diagnosis of sepsis is one of the daily challenges of emergency department (ED) and intensive care units. The general aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of measuring procalcitonin levels in the early diagnosis of bacterial resistance to antibiotics administered empirically in patients with sepsis. MATERIALS(More)