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Brain metastasis is a major cause of systemic cancer morbidity and mortality. Many factors participate in the development and maintenance of brain metastases. The survival of the metastasis depends upon crucial interactions between tumour cells and the brain microenvironment during its development at the new site. This review focuses on the pathobiological(More)
In this IRB-approved retrospective study, we analyzed the efficacy of temozolomide on World Health Organization Grade II and III oligodendrogliomas, as well as mixed oligoastrocytomas, to determine if a correlation exists between the tumors' 1p status and control of growth by this new oral agent. We assessed six patients with oligodendrogliomas with 1p(More)
Paragangliomas arising as primary neoplasms in the intracranial portion of the central nervous system are relatively uncommon and only have been rarely reported. We report a case of apparent primary paraganglioma arising in the left cerebellar hemisphere in an 11-year-old girl who presented with a 6-month history of headaches. The tumor was marked by a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to assess a possible relationship between the tumor location and the incidence of World Health Organization (WHO) Grades II and III meningiomas. METHODS A retrospective review of 794 consecutive patients who underwent meningioma resection between January 1991 and March 2004 was conducted. Among these, 47 patients (5.9%)(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common form of malignant brain cancer in adults and, unfortunately, is not amenable to treatment with current therapeutic modalities. Human glioblastoma U-87 has many of the distinguishing phenotypic features of primary glioblastoma, including an autocrine form of proliferation, high levels of protein kinase C alpha (PKC(More)
Replication-competent, attenuated mutants of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) have been shown to be efficacious for tumor therapy. However, these studies did not address the consequences of prior exposure to HSV, as will be the case with many patients likely to receive this therapy. Two strains of mice, A/J and BALB/c, were infected with wild-type HSV-1(More)
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts are the most common treatment modality for hydrocephalus. Distal catheter malfunction represents a surgical emergency and a significant cause of procedural morbidity. We report the case of a patient with acute abdominal pain following VP shunt insertion. On examination she had a tender, irreducible bulge at the abdominal(More)
Replication-competent virus vectors are attractive therapeutic agents for cancer. G207, a second-generation, multimutated herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), is one such vector that is safe in primates and efficacious against human tumors in athymic mice. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequently encountered malignancy of the head and neck, and the(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE/IMPORTANCE: Cancer metastasis to a pre-existing intracranial tumor is rare, but several cases have been reported. We report an unusual case of a "collision tumor" consisting of a renal cell carcinoma metastasis to an intracranial meningioma. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 67-year old male with renal cell carcinoma had an asymptomatic right(More)