Ali Chahlavi

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OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to assess a possible relationship between the tumor location and the incidence of World Health Organization (WHO) Grades II and III meningiomas. METHODS A retrospective review of 794 consecutive patients who underwent meningioma resection between January 1991 and March 2004 was conducted. Among these, 47 patients (5.9%)(More)
Deep brain simulation (DBS) is effective for the treatment of various diseases including Parkinson's disease and essential tremor. However, anatomical targeting combined with microelectrode mapping of the region requires significant surgical time. Also, the fine-tipped microelectrode imposes a risk of hemorrhage in the event that the trajectory intersects(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE/IMPORTANCE: Cancer metastasis to a pre-existing intracranial tumor is rare, but several cases have been reported. We report an unusual case of a "collision tumor" consisting of a renal cell carcinoma metastasis to an intracranial meningioma. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 67-year old male with renal cell carcinoma had an asymptomatic right(More)
In this IRB-approved retrospective study, we analyzed the efficacy of temozolomide on World Health Organization Grade II and III oligodendrogliomas, as well as mixed oligoastrocytomas, to determine if a correlation exists between the tumors' 1p status and control of growth by this new oral agent. We assessed six patients with oligodendrogliomas with 1p(More)
Here we report that glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) mediates immunosuppression by promoting T-cell death via tumor-associated CD70 and gangliosides that act through receptor-dependent and receptor-independent pathways, respectively. GBM lines cocultured with T cells induced lymphocyte death. The GBM lines were characterized for their expression of CD70, Fas(More)
Multiple mechanisms have been proposed to account for immune escape by tumors. Although gangliosides have long been known to suppress T-cell immunity, few studies have examined the effect of human tumor-derived gangliosides on immune responses. Here, we show that gangliosides isolated from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines and clear cell tumor tissue(More)
Nerve involvement poses a significant obstacle for the management of peripheral nervous system tumors, and nerve injury provides a frequent source of postoperative morbidity. The lack of suitable animal models for peripheral nerve tumors has impeded the development of alternative nerve-sparing therapies. To evaluate the effect of a multimutated(More)
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is often difficult to manage. Treatment options include systemically delivered anticoagulation therapy or chemical thrombolysis. Targeted endovascular delivery of thrombolytic agents is currently a popular option, but it carries an increased risk of hemorrhage. These strategies require significant time to produce(More)
Adult-onset hydrocephalus can be acquired from other pathologies, congenital with a late onset, or idiopathic. Subarachnoid hemorrhage, normal-pressure hydrocephalus, tumors, and aqueductal stenosis are the most frequent causes, and clinical presentation may be acute or chronic. The pathophysiology of the more chronic form involves hypoxia and blood vessel(More)