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In this paper, an automatic and unsupervised snore detection algorithm is proposed. The respiratory sound signals of 30 patients with different levels of airway obstruction were recorded by two microphones: one placed over the trachea (the tracheal microphone), and the other was a freestanding microphone (the ambient microphone). All the recordings were(More)
Snoring sounds vary significantly within and between snorers. In this study, the variation of snoring sounds and its association with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are quantified. Snoring sounds of 42 snorers with different degrees of obstructive sleep apnea and 15 non-OSA snorers were analyzed. The sounds were recorded by a microphone placed over the(More)
In a multidimensional feature space, the snoring sounds can extend from a very compact cluster to highly distinct clusters. In this study, we investigated the cause of snoring sound’s variation within the snorers. It is known that a change in body position and sleep stage can affect snoring during sleep but it is unclear whether positional, sleep state, and(More)
This paper presents the results of our study on investigating the acoustical properties of snoring sounds (SS) recorded by two microphones (one over trachea and one hung in the air within 30-50 cm away from the subject) in relation to sleep apnea. Several features were extracted from SS segments of 50 snorers with different Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI). We(More)
In this study, an automatic and online snore detection algorithm is proposed. The respiratory sound signals were recorded simultaneously with Polysomnography (PSG) data during sleep from 20 patients (10 simple snorers and 10 OSA patients). The sound signals were recorded by two tracheal and ambient microphones. The potential snoring episodes were identified(More)
Tracheal respiratory sound analysis is a simple and non-invasive way to study the pathophysiology of the upper airway and has recently been used for acoustic estimation of respiratory flow and sleep apnea diagnosis. However in none of the previous studies was the respiratory flow–sound relationship studied in people with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), nor(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The visual appearance of cortical arousals varies considerably, from barely meeting scoring criteria to very intense arousals. Arousal from sleep is associated with an increase in heart rate (HR). Our objective was to quantify the intensity of arousals in an objective manner using the time and frequency characteristics of the(More)
In this paper, the Gaussianity and linearity of the snoring sound (SS) segments extracted from respiratory sounds are discussed. The respiratory sound signals were recorded from 30 individuals by two microphones simultaneously with full-night Polysomnography (PSG) during sleep. The first microphone was placed over the trachea (the tracheal microphone), and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Arousal intensity and heart rate (HR) response to arousal during polysomnography (PSG) vary considerably between patients with sleep disorders. Our objective was to determine the range of these arousal characteristics in healthy young adults and whether they are consistent on repeated testing. DESIGN Post hoc analysis of 56 preexisting(More)
Snoring sounds is commonly known to be associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). There are many studies trying to distinguish between the snoring sounds of non-OSA and those of OSA patients. However, OSA is only one of the conditions that affect the structure of upper airway. In this study, we investigated the effect of anthropometric parameters on the(More)