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The aim of present study was to determine the optimal period of fish oil inclusion in diet to access suitable n-3 fatty acids content in broiler meat. A total of 600 one-day old chicks were randomly allocated to six groups and reared for seven weeks. The control group fed a diet containing 5% corn oil and in the other five experimental groups, fish oil was(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of commercial monostrain and multistrain probiotics in diets on growth performance, intestinal morphology and mucin gene (MUC2) expression in broiler chicks. Three hundred seventy-eight 1-d-old male Arian broiler chicks were allocated in 3 experimental groups for 6 wk. The birds were fed on a(More)
The effects of gamma irradiation on ruminal dry matter, Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF) degradation of alfalfa hay were investigated. Alfalfa hay samples were irradiated by gamma irradiator at doses of 50, 100 and 150 kGy under identical conditions of temperature and humidity. Nylon bags of untreated or irradiated samples were suspended in the rumen of three(More)
This study was carried out to test the potentially of using rice straw substrate for the cultivation of four Pleurotus species including Pleurotus florida, Pleurotus djamor, Pleurotus sajor-caju and Pleurotus ostreatus and the effect of these species on the chemical composition, cell wall degradation and digestibility of rice straw. Rice straw soaked in(More)
A total of 360 fertile eggs from a broiler breeder strain (Ross 308) were used for in ovo feeding (IOF) of 0, 100 and 200 mg/kg Silybum marianum water extract at 17.5 d of incubation. After hatching, 240 chicks were transferred to the experimental cages. The diets consisted of two types; one of them without extract and the other one containing 100 mg/kg of(More)
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of energy sources and levels on body and organs weights, thyroid hormones, and heat shock protein (HSP70) gene expression in broilers under heat stress. In a completely randomized design, 600 1-day-old Cobb chickens were assigned to five dietary treatments and four replicates. The chickens were fed(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of infrared irradiation for 60, 90, 120 and 150 seconds on starch degradability and chemical compositions of corn grains. Three ruminally fistulated rams were used to measure in sacco degradation. There was a linear increase in DM of irradiated corn grains (P<0.001). Infrared irradiation decreased potentially(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding a probiotic, Bacillus subtilis, on antibody titers against Newcastle and infectious bursal viruses in broiler chickens challenged with Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis. One hundred and sixty 1-day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to four treatments in a completely randomized(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the male effect on the manifestation of estrus and feeding behavior of Afshari ewes during their breeding season. The study consists of 48 Afshari ewes, 3 years old, 67 ± 2 kg live weight, body condition score 3, along with 10 Afshari rams. The study was for a period of 6 weeks in a complementary randomized design. Ewes(More)
The present study was carried out to determine the effect of probiotic, Bacillus subtilis, on ash and calcium contents of tibia bone in unchallenged and challenged broiler chicks with Salmonella enteritidis. In a completely randomized design, 160 chicks were divided into four groups. Each group had four replicates with 10 birds each. Treatments were control(More)