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OBJECTIVE An accurate scoring system for intra-abdominal injury (IAI) based on clinical manifestation and examination may decrease unnecessary CT scans, save time, and reduce healthcare cost. This study is designed to provide a new scoring system for a better diagnosis of IAI after blunt trauma. METHODS This prospective observational study was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients are brought to crowded emergency departments (ED) of hospitals every day for evaluation of head injuries, headaches, neurologic deficits etc. CT scan of the head is the most common diagnostic measure used to search for pathologies. In many EDs the initial interpretation of images are performed by emergency physicians (EP). Since(More)
BACKGROUND Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a well-recognized cause of mortality in trauma victims and the control of active hemorrhage is among the initial steps in resuscitation. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the role of a hemostatic agent "celox" in the management of civilian stab-wound trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this clinical(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS An increase in the intracranial pressure (ICP) might aggravate patient outcomes by inducing neurologic injuries. In patients with increased ICP the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) increases due to its close association with the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. The present study was an attempt to evaluate the efficacy of sonographic ONSD(More)
INTRODUCTION Ankle fracture is one of the most common joint fractures. X-ray and physical examination are its main methods of diagnosis. Recently, ultrasonography (US) is considered as a simple and non-invasive method of fracture diagnosis. This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of US in detection of ankle fracture in comparison to plain radiography.(More)
Introduction: Distal radius fractures are a common traumatic injury, particularly in the elderly population. In the present study we examined the effectiveness of ultrasound guidance in the reduction of distal radius fractures in adult patients presenting to emergency department (ED). Methods: In this prospective case control study, eligible patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior shoulder dislocation (ASD) is one of the most common reasons for referrals to emergency departments (ED). Usually, a combination of an intravenous narcotic and a benzodiazepine is used for procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) in such cases. OBJECTIVES This study compares the efficacy of two combinations to reduce ASD. PATIENTS AND(More)
INTRODUCTION Many of critically ill patients receive medical care for prolonged periods in emergency department (ED). This study is the evaluation of efficiency of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) III scoring system in predicting mortality rate in these patients. METHODS This study was conducted between 2008 and 2009 in Tehran,(More)
INTRODUCTION Vertigo prevalence is estimated to be 1.8% among young adults and more than 30% in the elderly. 13-38% of the referrals of patients over 65 years old in America are due to vertigo. Vertigo does not increase the risk of mortality but it can affect the patient's quality of life. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the epidemiologic(More)
The present study investigated the addition of transient ischemic attack (TIA) etiology and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to the ABCD2 score, creating the ABCDE+ score, to improve the predictive ability of stroke risk or death at 6 months after TIA. We performed a cohort study of 150 consecutive patients with TIA. All patients underwent DWI and all had(More)