Learn More
Tympanometric evaluation is routinely used as part of the complete otological examination. During tympanometric examination, evaluation of middle ear pressure and ear canal volume is undertaken. Little is reported in relation to the accuracy and precision tympanometry evaluates external ear canal volume. This study examines the capability of the(More)
BACKGROUND The AV delay optimization of biventricular pacemakers (cardiac resynchronization therapy) may maximize hemodynamic benefit but consumes specialist time to conduct echocardiographically. Noninvasive BP monitoring is a potentially automatable alternative, but it is unknown whether it gives the same information and similar precision (signal/noise(More)
Tonsillectomy is a common therapeutic option in the management of recurrent tonsillitis. In 1999, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) introduced SIGN 34 outlining appropriate indications for tonsillectomy. Following concerns of increasing hospital admissions for tonsillitis, in 2009 ENT UK suggested that too few tonsillectomies were being(More)
BACKGROUND Dysphagia is frequently encountered by the otolaryngologist and due to its diverse aetiologies often poses a diagnostic challenge. Of particular importance in diagnosis is to distinguish between oropharyngeal and oesophageal dysphagia. This article aims to provide a systematic, concise and evidence-based method of managing the patient with(More)
Grommets insertion is a common otolaryngological procedure for the treatment of persistent otitis media with effusion. In 2002, the Department of Health (DoH) Day Surgery guidelines stipulated that at least 75% of grommets insertions should be undertaken as day-cases. In 2008, after governmental perception of a higher than necessary grommet insertion rate,(More)
Undergraduate otolaryngology teaching in the UK is generally limited primarily due to curriculum time constraints with traditional face-to-face (FtF) teaching being restrained by the limitations of time and location. Advances in network technology have opened up new doors for the delivery of teaching in the form of online learning. This study compares a(More)
BACKGROUND Snoring is frequently encountered by the otolaryngologist. Given its significant impact on quality of life and that it is a symptom of sleep-related breathing disorders, diagnosis and treatment are of major importance. In particular, the diagnosis should aim to distinguish between simple snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea. This article aims to(More)
Candida albicans is a fungus that is an opportunistic pathogen of humans. Normally, C. albicans exists as a harmless commensal and does not trigger inflammatory responses by resident macrophages in skin mucosa, which may be caused by a tolerance of skin macrophage to C. albicans. IL-34 is a recently discovered cytokine, constitutively expressed by(More)
Septoplasty has been identified as suitable for day surgery, but is not commonly performed as such. Guidelines for day surgery stipulate that the unexpected re-admission rate should be 2–3 %; however previous studies have not attained this target. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the surgical and patient factors associated with re-admission(More)