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Cyclooxygenase (COX) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the metabolic conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins (PGs), including prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), a major mediator of inflammation and angiogenesis. Herein, we report that macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a potent proinflammatory and growth-promoting factor found at elevated(More)
Endometriosis, the ectopic development of endometrial tissue, is, particularly in peritoneal endometriosis, believed to result from tubal reflux of menstrual tissue. The release of cytokines and growth factors by refluxed endometrial cells in response to peritoneal inflammatory stimuli may enhance the capability of endometrial cells to implant and grow into(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate in vitro the production of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) by endometrial cells of patients with and without endometriosis. DESIGN Primary cultures of stromal and epithelial cells isolated from human endometrium were exposed during 24 hours to different cytokines. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 secretion was analyzed in the(More)
The pathogenesis of endometriosis, a disease widely believed to arise from an aberrant growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, is still unclear. We have previously observed that cytokine-stimulated endometrial cells of women with endometriosis secrete in vitro increased amounts of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). This factor may be important(More)
Endometriosis, a disease of reproductive age women, is a major cause of infertility, menstrual disorders and pelvic pain. Little is known about its etiopathology, but chronic pelvic inflammation is a common feature in affected women. Beside symptomatic treatment of endometriosis-associated pain, only two main suboptimal therapeutic approaches (hormonal and(More)
OBJECTIVE Local secretion of chemotactic factors could contribute to the attraction of macrophages into the peritoneal cavity of women with endometriosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of endometriotic cells to produce monocyte chemotactic and activating protein-1 in response to interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha,(More)
The growth of endometrial cells in ectopic locations (endometriosis) is dependent on the establishment of an adequate blood supply. Neovascularization (angiogenesis) is therefore a vital step toward the progression of this disease. We first revealed the presence of a potent mitogenic activity for human endothelial cells in the culture medium of immortalized(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the concentration and the biologic activity of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) in the peritoneal fluid (PF) of women with and without endometriosis. DESIGN A case control study was conducted. SETTING Gynecology clinic and Laboratories of endocrinology of reproduction and immunology. PATIENTS Women presenting for(More)
It is well established that the CD154/CD40 interaction is required for T cell-dependent B cell differentiation and maturation. However, the early molecular and structural mechanisms that orchestrate CD154 and CD40 signaling at the T cell/APC contact site are not well understood. We demonstrated that CD40 engagement induces the formation of disulfide-linked(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multifunctional cytokine that was shown to promote angiogenesis and tissue remodelling. Our previous studies identified MIF as one of the principal bioactive molecules involved in endothelial cell proliferation released by ectopic endometrial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, we(More)