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OBJECTIVES to estimate the extent, preventability and consequences of adverse clinical events in elderly and non-elderly patients. DESIGN a two-stage structured, retrospective, patient case-note review. SETTING a large NHS hospital in England. POPULATION a random sample of 1,006 non-psychiatric patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES proportion of patients(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an expensive and commonly used technology with a variety of indications in patient diagnosis and treatments. The aim of this study is to identify a comprehensive list of indications and contraindications for MRI in patients with low back pain (LBP) and to determine the appropriateness of using this technology(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of study is to assess the importance and challenges of Malaria elimination (ME) in Iran's health system. MATERIAL Opinion of experts from Ministry of Health and Medical Education and the chancellors of medical universities affected by malaria were gathered using Focus Group Discussions and in-depth interviews. We asked them about the(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the cost of diabetes related micro- and macrovascular complications in Iranian people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS In routine clinical practice, people with type 2 diabetes mellitus were assessed for 10 years at a diabetes care center. The type of medications and clinical data were extracted from patients' documents.(More)
PURPOSE Valid and reliable measures are required for assessing patient satisfaction meaningfully. The purpose of this paper was to develop and validate a Persian-language in-patient satisfaction questionnaire for patients discharged from Iranian medical and surgical services. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH The cross-sectional survey included 400 patients(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To explore the effect of bed rest duration after sheath removal following percutaneous coronary interventions on the incidence of vascular complications, back pain and urinary problems. BACKGROUND According to the literature, the duration of bed rest after sheath removal following percutaneous coronary interventions ranges from 2-24(More)
Background: The influence of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease on the outcome of chronic hepatitis B disease, including viral, biochemical and histologic characteristics, in Iranian patients is not yet fully understood. Aim: To evaluate the effect of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) on long-term histology-cal, biochemical and viral outcome of(More)
BACKGROUND Organized cervical screening has decreased the incidence of cervical cancer. However, screening strategies vary in different countries. OBJECTIVES We performed a systematic review to evaluate the economic aspects of different screening methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS We searched databases and then data were abstracted from each study. We(More)
Objectives: The main objective of this study is to examine current patterns of health care-seeking behavior among residents in Tehran, 2008. Methods: A two stage cluster sampling method was used to select blocks at the first stage and households within them at the second. A total of 1882 individuals over 18 years resided in the households surveyed through(More)
Trend analysis in 2005 to 2011 showed high growth in diabetes prevalence in Iran. Considering the high prevalence of diabetes in the country and likely to increase its prevalence in the future, the analysis of diabetes-related policies and programs is very important and effective in the prevention and control of diabetes. Therefore, the aim of the study was(More)