Ali Akbar Sharafi

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An efficient and reliable transformation system for a very important medicinal plant Papaver bracteatum was developed through optimization of several factors that affect the rate of effective A. rhizogenes-mediated transformation and growth rate of hairy root. Five bacterial strains, A4, ATCC15834, LBA9402, MSU440 and A13, and three explants types,(More)
Papaver bracteatum has a high content of thebaine. It is used as an alternative to P. somniferum for the production of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid. Papaver bracteatum was genetically engineered to over-express codeinone reductase gene in hairy root cultures. Transcript level of the codeinone reductase gene in transgenic hairy root lines increased up to ten-(More)
PURPOSE Among the potent anticancer agents, d,l-sulforaphane (SF) is very effective against many different types of cancer cells. Its clinical application is restricted because of its hydrophobicity, low gastrointestinal absorption and poor bioavailability. In the present study, a reliable micellar delivery system using monomethoxypoly (ethylene(More)
A reliable and efficient drug delivery system using PCL-PEG-PCL copolymers was established for the anti-cancer compound sulforaphane (SF) in this study. Encapsulated SF by PCL-PEG-PCL nanoparticles led to formation of SF-loaded PCL-PEG-PCL micelles. Micelles characterization and stability, the particle size and their morphology were determined by DLS and(More)
An efficient hairy root induction system for an important endangered medicinal plant, Dracocephalum kotschyi, was developed through Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation by modifying the co-cultivation medium using five bacterial strains, A4, ATCC15834, LBA9402, MSU440, and A13 (MAFF-02-10266). A drastic increase in transformation frequency was(More)
In the present study, we developed an efficient protocol for in vitro plant regeneration and genetically transformed root induction in medicinal plant Artemisia aucheri Boiss. Leaf explants were cultivated in MS medium supplemented by combination of plant growth regulators including α-naphthalene-acetic acid, 6-benzyl-aminopurine, indole-3-acetic acid and(More)
OBJECTIVE Respiratory motion is a potential cause of artefact and downgrading the quality of ECG-gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images that may result in clinical misinterpretation. We studied qualitatively the effects of respiratory motion on gated SPECT myocardial perfusion and function using Monte Carlo simulated data. METHODS(More)
Papaver bracteatum is an important medicinal plant valued for its high content of thebaine and an alternative to P. somniferum for benzylisoquinoline alkaloid production. Salutaridinol 7-o-acetyltransferase (SalAT) is a key gene in morphinan alkaloids biosynthesis pathway. Over expression of SalAT gene was used for metabolic engineering in P. bracteatum(More)
Stereotactic radiosurgery was originally introduced by Lars Leksell in 1951. This treatment refers to the noninvasive destruction of an intracranial target localized stereotactically. The purpose of this study was to identify the dose delivered to the parotid, ovaries, testis and thyroid glands during the Gamma Knife radiosurgery procedure. A(More)
High-energy linear accelerators (linacs) have several advantages, including low skin doses and high dose rates at deep-seated tumours. But, at energies more than 8 MeV, photonuclear reactions produce neutron contamination around the therapeutic beam, which may induce secondary malignancies. In spite of improvements achieved in medical linac designs, many(More)