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Universal positive correlations between different cognitive tests motivate the concept of "general intelligence" or Spearman's g. Here the neural basis for g is investigated by means of positron emission tomography. Spatial, verbal, and perceptuo-motor tasks with high-g involvement are compared with matched low-g control tasks. In contrast to the common(More)
Nitric oxide was proposed as an endogenous inhibitor of myometrial contractility during pregnancy. Carbon monoxide (CO) like nitric oxide increases cGMP and is generated during the degradation of heme to biliverdin IX by hemeoxygenases (HO). Here we report that the expression of both HO-1 (inducible) and HO-2 (constitutive) were > 15-fold higher in pregnant(More)
The emergent interest in cancer epigenetics stems from the fact that epigenetic modifications are implicated in virtually every step of tumorigenesis. More interestingly, epigenetic changes are reversible heritable changes that are not due to the alteration in DNA sequence but have potential to alter gene expression. Dietary agents consist of many bioactive(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the clinical response of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients to intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg), and whether the clinical response of IVIg treatment in SLE is accompanied by modification of SLE-associated autoantibodies/antibodies (Abs) and complement levels. METHODS Twenty SLE patients were treated with high-dose (2 g/kg)(More)
BACKGROUND A cross-sectional study carried out at a teaching hospital in Kaduna, Nigeria, to investigate the extent and reasons for the delay between onset of symptoms and admission for treatment of symptomatic breast cancer. METHODS The patients had histologically proven breast cancer and had been admitted for treatment. Data were obtained from(More)
The known responses of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are mediated through VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2/KDR) in endothelial cells. However, it is unknown whether VEGFR-1 (Flt-1) is an inert decoy or a signaling receptor for VEGF during physiological or pathological angiogenesis. Here we report that VEGF-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) release is(More)
Morphological studies show poor placental vascular development and an increase in the mitotic index of cytotrophoblast cells in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We hypothesized that the reported relatively high oxygen level in the intervillous space in contact with IUGR placental villi will limit angiogenesis by changes in vascular endothelial growth(More)
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is thought to be mediated by the hypoxic regulation of angiogenic growth factors, in particular the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family. The aim of this study was to determine if placental growth factor (PIGF), a recently identified member of the VEGF family, was expressed in diabetic eyes undergoing(More)
One of the key molecules promoting angiogenesis is the endothelial cell-specific mitogen, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF or VEGF-A), which acts through two high-affinity receptor tyrosine kinases (VEGFR), VEGFR-1 (or Flt-1) and VEGFR-2 (or KDR/Flk-1). It was shown before that a soluble variant of VEGFR-1 (sVEGFR-1) can be generated by differential(More)
Favorable outcomes after liver transplantation (LT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are well described for patients who fall within defined tumor criteria. The effectiveness of tumor therapies to maintain tumor characteristics within these criteria or to downstage more advanced tumors to fall within these criteria is not well understood. The(More)