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Since their return from Persian Gulf War (PGW), many veterans have complained of symptoms including muscle and joint pain, ataxia, chronic fatigue, headache, and difficulty with concentration. The causes of the symptoms remain unknown. Because these veterans were exposed to a combination of chemicals including pyridostigmine bromide (PB), DEET, and(More)
Addition of new granule cells to the dentate gyrus (DG) from stem or progenitor cells declines considerably during ageing. However, potential age-related alterations in migration, enduring survival and neuronal fate choice of newly born cells, and rate of maturation and dendritic growth of newly differentiated neurons are mostly unknown. We addressed these(More)
Splenda is comprised of the high-potency artificial sweetener sucralose (1.1%) and the fillers maltodextrin and glucose. Splenda was administered by oral gavage at 100, 300, 500, or 1000 mg/kg to male Sprague-Dawley rats for 12-wk, during which fecal samples were collected weekly for bacterial analysis and measurement of fecal pH. After 12-wk, half of the(More)
We hypothesize that a single exposure to an LD(50) dose of sarin induces widespread early neuropathological changes in the adult brain. In this study, we evaluated the early changes in the adult brain after a single exposure to different doses of sarin. Adult male rats were exposed to sarin by a single intramuscular injection at doses of 1, 0.5, 0.1 and(More)
Malathion (O,O-dimethyl-S-[1,2-carbethoxyethyl]phosphorodithionate), DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), and permethrin [(+/-)-cis/trans-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid (3-phenoxyphenyl) methyl ester] are commonly used pesticides. To determine the effects of the dermal application of these chemicals, alone or in combination, the(More)
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of in utero exposure to the cholinotoxicants, nicotine and chlorpyrifos, alone or in combination on neurobehavioral alterations and neuronal morphology latter in adult age. In the present study, 90 days old (corresponding to a human adult age) male and female offspring rats were evaluated for(More)
Military personnel deployed in the Persian Gulf War (PGW) were exposed to a combination of chemicals, including pyridostigmine bromide (PB), DEET, and permethrin. We investigated the dose-response effects of these chemicals, alone or in combination, on the sensorimotor performance and cholinergic system of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were treated with(More)
Cigarette smoking and environmental exposure to chlorpyrifos during pregnancy could lead to developmental toxicity in the offspring. In the present study, pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats (300-350 g) were treated daily with nicotine (1 mg/kg, sc) or chlorpyrifos (0.1 mg/kg, dermal) or a combination of nicotine and chlorpyrifos from gestational days (GD)(More)
A single oral dose of [2,3-14C]acrylamide (50 mg/kg) was administered in water to adult white leghorn hens. Seven groups of three hens were euthanized between 2 and 120 hr after administration. Within 12 hr, the hens excreted 70% of the administered dose, and more than 99% within 48 hr. Blood, plasma, liver, and muscle contained the greatest percentage of(More)
Analysis of the expression of nestin in reactive astrocytes facilitates quantification of the extent of activation of astrocytes after injury in the mature CNS. We hypothesize that the capability of astrocytes for re-expressing nestin in response to CNS injury diminishes as a function of age. We quantified astrocytes positive for S-100beta protein, glial(More)