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Addition of new granule cells to the dentate gyrus (DG) from stem or progenitor cells declines considerably during ageing. However, potential age-related alterations in migration, enduring survival and neuronal fate choice of newly born cells, and rate of maturation and dendritic growth of newly differentiated neurons are mostly unknown. We addressed these(More)
Since their return from Persian Gulf War (PGW), many veterans have complained of symptoms including muscle and joint pain, ataxia, chronic fatigue, headache, and difficulty with concentration. The causes of the symptoms remain unknown. Because these veterans were exposed to a combination of chemicals including pyridostigmine bromide (PB), DEET, and(More)
Exposure to a combination of stress and low doses of the chemicals pyridostigmine bromide (PB), DEET, and permethrin in adult rats, a model of Gulf War exposure, produces blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and neuronal cell death in the cingulate cortex, dentate gyrus, thalamus, and hypothalamus. In this study, neuropathological alterations in other areas(More)
We hypothesize that a single exposure to an LD(50) dose of sarin induces widespread early neuropathological changes in the adult brain. In this study, we evaluated the early changes in the adult brain after a single exposure to different doses of sarin. Adult male rats were exposed to sarin by a single intramuscular injection at doses of 1, 0.5, 0.1 and(More)
Military personnel deployed in the Persian Gulf War (PGW) were exposed to a combination of chemicals, including pyridostigmine bromide (PB), DEET, and permethrin. We investigated the dose-response effects of these chemicals, alone or in combination, on the sensorimotor performance and cholinergic system of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were treated with(More)
Malathion (O,O-dimethyl-S-[1,2-carbethoxyethyl]phosphorodithionate), DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), and permethrin [(+/-)-cis/trans-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid (3-phenoxyphenyl) methyl ester] are commonly used pesticides. To determine the effects of the dermal application of these chemicals, alone or in combination, the(More)
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of in utero exposure to the cholinotoxicants, nicotine and chlorpyrifos, alone or in combination on neurobehavioral alterations and neuronal morphology latter in adult age. In the present study, 90 days old (corresponding to a human adult age) male and female offspring rats were evaluated for(More)
Cigarette smoking and environmental exposure to chlorpyrifos during pregnancy could lead to developmental toxicity in the offspring. In the present study, pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats (300-350 g) were treated daily with nicotine (1 mg/kg, sc) or chlorpyrifos (0.1 mg/kg, dermal) or a combination of nicotine and chlorpyrifos from gestational days (GD)(More)
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is known to be a significant contributor to developmental neurological health problems in the offspring. In animal studies, nicotine treatment via injection during gestation has been shown to produce episodic hypoxia in the developing fetus. Nicotine delivery via mini osmotic pump, while avoiding effects due to(More)
OBJECTIVE Estrogen exerts a wide variety of actions involving many target tissues. We studied the effects of long-term ovariectomy (OVX) and OVX with 17beta-estradiol treatment (OVXE2) on the level of estrogen receptor (ER) gene expression in target tissues of female rats. DESIGN Three groups of Sprague-Dawley female rats were utilized in this study: sham(More)