Alfredo Scillitani

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CONTEXT In humans, few studies have compared the potencies of ergocalciferol and cholecalciferol in improving and maintaining vitamin D status. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the effects of a single very large dose of both calciferols on serum changes of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)(2)D], ionized calcium, and(More)
Vitamin D status is currently considered among the relevant determinants of skeletal integrity. Since vitamin D levels present seasonal variations, we longitudinally studied young healthy men and women in order to investigate the related physiologic modifications of both calcium homeostasis and bone remodeling. Thirty-two men (mean age 39.4 ± 7.8 years) and(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to study the effect of glucocorticoid excess on bone mass and turnover not influenced by other diseases known to affect skeleton and/or by different gonadal status and sex. We studied several markers of bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD) by both quantitative computed tomography (at spine and forearm) and(More)
Patients with adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) and subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) have increased risk of fracture independent of bone mineral density (BMD) and possibly due to reduced bone quality. The trabecular bone score (TBS) has been proposed as a index of bone microarchitecture. The aim of the study was to investigate TBS in AI. In 102 AI patients, SH(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent sun exposure should correlate with circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] due to ultraviolet B (UVB)-catalyzed cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D. METHODS A Sun Exposure Score was calculated for healthy adults using a recall questionnaire assessing daily Time in Sun (<5 min, 5-30 min, >30 min) and Skin Exposure (face/hands; face/hands(More)
OBJECTIVE Data on bone mineral density (BMD) in acromegaly are conflicting as most previous studies collectively evaluated eugonadal and hypogonadal patients of both sexes, with or without active disease. We have evaluated BMD in 152 acromegalic patients of both sexes with varying disease activity and gonadal status. DESIGN Cross-sectional, retrospective.(More)
OBJECTIVE Subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) may play a role in several metabolic disorders, including diabetes. No data are available on the relative prevalence of SH in type 2 diabetes (T2D). In order to compare the prevalence of SH in T2D and matched non-diabetic control individuals, we performed a case-controlled, multicenter, 12-month study, enrolling(More)
INTRODUCTION Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the calcium-sensing receptor gene (CASR) encoding the missense substitutions A986S, R990G, and Q1011E have been associated with normal variation in extracellular calcium homeostasis, both individually and in haplotype combination. The aim of this study was to examine haplotype associations in primary(More)
Blood ionized calcium (iCa) is a quantitative trait subject to genetic influence. iCa is maintained in a narrow range through the action of the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) controlling PTH secretion and calcium excretion. A CASR single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) prevalent in Caucasian populations (A986S) has shown significant association with iCa in a(More)
Acromegaly is an infrequent disease attributable to endogenous excess of GH and IGF-I. Human studies have associated the GH-IGF-I axis with the development of colorectal cancer; however, the question of whether colorectal cancer is a problem in acromegaly is currently unresolved. We performed a cross-sectional study to assess the risk of colonic neoplasia(More)