Alfredo Rodríguez-Tébar

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During development, neuronal survival is regulated by the limited availability of neurotrophins, which are proteins of the nerve growth factor (NGF) family. Activation of specific trk tyrosine kinase receptors by the neurotrophins blocks programmed cell death. The trkA-specific ligand NGF has also been shown to activate the non-tyrosine kinase receptor p75,(More)
We have previously shown that dendrite morphology of cultured hippocampal neurones is controlled by Notch receptor activation or binding of nerve growth factor (NGF) to its low affinity receptor p75NTR, i.e. processes that up-regulate the expression of the Homologue of enhancer of split 1 and 5. Thus, the increased expression of these genes decreases the(More)
Cultured neurons from bdnf-/- mice display reduced densities of synaptic terminals, although in vivo these deficits are small or absent. Here we aimed at clarifying the local responses to postsynaptic brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). To this end, solitary enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-labeled hippocampal neurons from bdnf-/- mice were(More)
The neurotrophic proteins BDNF and NGF are related in their primary structures, and both have high- and low-affinity receptors on their responsive neurons. In this study, we investigate the extent to which these receptors can discriminate between BDNF and NGF. We found that a 1000-fold excess of the heterologous ligand is needed to reduce binding to the(More)
Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) has low-affinity (Kd = 8 x 10(-10) M), as well as high-affinity receptors (Kd = 1.8 x 10(-11) M) on embryonic chick sensory neurons, the latter in surprisingly high numbers. Like the structurally related proteins nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), NT-3 also binds to the low-affinity NGF receptor, a(More)
An important step in the development of peripheral sensory and sympathetic neurons is the onset of the survival response and dependence on the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF) or other neurotrophic factors. We have recently observed that immature sympathetic neurons from 7-day-old chick embryos are unable to become NGF-responsive in vitro and we have(More)
The survival effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on the ganglion cells of the chick retina were studied in vitro at different embryonic ages. We found these effects to be strongly age-dependent: at E5, when the first ganglion cell axons have crossed the optic chiasm, but not yet reached the tectum, ganglion cells survived on a laminin(More)
When chick embryos are treated with a monoclonal antibody specifically blocking the activity of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), the development of the retina is profoundly affected. Fewer axons are found in the optic nerve, and the retina shows abnormalities in all layers. Early during retinogenesis, the proportion of dividing cells is higher in NT-3-deprived(More)
When used at concentrations allowing interactions only with its high-affinity receptors, neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) promotes the survival of sensory neurons isolated from embryonic day 8 (E8) chicks, but not the survival of E11 sympathetic neurons. These sympathetic neurons (which can be rescued by the addition of NGF) display high-affinity receptors for NT-3(More)
The developing chick retina undergoes at least two discrete periods of programmed cell death. The earlier period coincides with the main onset of neuron birth and migration (embryonic day 5-7), whereas the latter one corresponds to the well-documented process of retinal ganglion cell death following tectal innervation (embryonic day 10-14; Rager, G. H.(More)