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In contrast to the preponderance of affected males in families with X-linked mental retardation, Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurological disorder occurring almost exclusively in females. The near complete absence of affected males in RTT families has been explained by the lethal effect of an X-linked gene mutation in hemizygous affected males. We report here(More)
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome is a rarely reported syndrome of so-far-unknown etiology characterized by mental retardation, wide mouth, and intermittent hyperventilation. By molecular karyotyping with GeneChip Human Mapping 100K SNP arrays, we detected a 1.2-Mb deletion on 18q21.2 in one patient. Sequencing of the TCF4 transcription factor gene, which is contained(More)
Faciogenital dysplasia or Aarskog-Scott syndrome (AAS) is a genetically heterogeneous developmental disorder. The X-linked form of AAS has been ascribed to mutations in the FGD1 gene. However, although AAS may be considered as a relatively frequent clinical diagnosis, mutations have been established in few patients. Genetic heterogeneity and the clinical(More)
Mutations in the FGD1 gene have been shown to cause Aarskog-Scott syndrome (AAS), or facio-digito-genital dysplasia (OMIM#305400), an X-linked disorder characterized by distinctive genital and skeletal developmental abnormalities with a broad spectrum of clinical phenotypes. To date, 20 distinct mutations have been reported, but little phenotypic data are(More)
Glycogen storage diseases type 1 (GSD 1) are a group of autosomal recessive disorders characterized by impairment of terminal steps of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. Mutations of the glucose-6-phosphatase gene are responsible for the most frequent form of GSD 1, the subtype 1a, while mutations of the glucose-6-phosphate transporter gene (G6PT) have(More)
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a dominantly inherited pharmacogenetic condition that manifests as a life-threatening hypermetabolic reaction when a susceptible individual is exposed to common volatile anesthetics and depolarizing muscle relaxants. Although MH appears to be genetically heterogeneous, RYR1 is the main candidate for MH susceptibility. However,(More)
Diazepam (DZP) inhibited in vitro in a concentration-dependent manner superoxide anion generation and chemiluminescence from human neutrophils stimulated by the formylated oligopeptide FMLP and by the calcium ionophore A23187. The dose-dependent inhibitory effect of DZP on A23187-dependent superoxide generation in the presence of Ca++ 0.6 mM was highly(More)
We describe a 16-year-old female affected by septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) with digital anomalies as additional feature. This rare developmental anomaly of midline brain structures can result from different pathogenetical events, including mutations of the homeo box gene HESX1, recently suggested as the etiological cause at least in a subset of patients. The(More)