Alfredo Martínez

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HIF-1 alpha is a normally labile proangiogenic transcription factor that is stabilized and activated in hypoxia. Although the von Hippel Lindau (VHL) gene product, the ubiquitin ligase responsible for regulating HIF-1 alpha protein levels, efficiently targets HIF-1 alpha for rapid proteasome-dependent degradation under normoxia, HIF-1 alpha is resistant to(More)
The high frequency with which the novel tumor suppressor RASSF1A is inactivated by promoter methylation suggests that it plays a key role in the development of many primary human tumors. Yet the mechanism of RASSF1A action remains unknown. We now show that RASSF1A associates with microtubules and that this association is essential for RASSF1A to mediate its(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR) is a bHLH/Per-ARNT-Sim transcription factor located in a region of chromosome 5 (5p15.3) that has been proposed to contain one or more tumor suppressor genes. We report here consistent downregulation of AHRR mRNA in human malignant tissue from different anatomical origins, including colon, breast, lung,(More)
Ras oncoproteins mediate multiple biological effects by activating multiple effectors. Classically, Ras activation has been associated with enhanced cellular growth and transformation. However, activated forms of Ras may also inhibit growth by inducing senescence, apoptosis, and differentiation. Induction of apoptosis by Ras may be mediated by its effector(More)
Levels of mtDNA(4977) deletions (DeltamtDNA(4977)) have been found to be lower in tumors than in adjacent non-tumoral tissues. In 87 cancer patients, DeltamtDNA(4977) was detected by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification in 43 (49%) of the tumors and in 74 (85%) of the samples of non-tumoral tissues that were adjacent to the tumors.(More)
We have previously demonstrated that adrenomedullin (AM) plays a critical role as an autocrine/paracrine tumor cell survival factor. We now present evidence that AM is an important regulator of mast cell (MC) function and that this modulation is potentially involved in tumor promotion. AM induced histamine or beta-hexosaminidase release from rat and human(More)
PURPOSE To determine the in vivo effect of doxycycline on choroidal angiogenesis and pterygium growth by using a choroidal neovascular (CNV) murine model, a directed in vivo angiogenesis assay (DIVAA) and a pterygium murine model. DESIGN Experimental study. PARTICIPANTS Three murine models were investigated with 4 mice minimum per group and 22 maximum(More)
PURPOSE Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a protein secreted by the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), acts on retinal survival and angiogenesis. Because hypoxia and VEGF regulate matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), their effects on PEDF proteolysis were explored. METHODS Mouse models for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were used. Cultured monkey(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenomedullin is a secreted peptide hormone with multiple activities. Several reports have indicated that adrenomedullin may be involved in tumor survival, but this has not been directly shown. Here we evaluate the in vitro and in vivo effects of adrenomedullin overexpression in human breast cancer cells. METHODS The human breast cancer cell(More)