Alfredo Inácio Fiorelli

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Heart tissue destruction in chronic Chagas' disease cardiomyopathy (CCC) may be caused by autoimmune recognition of heart tissue by a mononuclear cell infiltrate decades after Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Indirect evidence suggests there is molecular mimicry between T. cruzi and heart tissue. In murine models of CCC, antibodies and CD4+ T cells recognize(More)
Myocyte diameter, fractional area of collagen, intensity of myocarditis and parasite persistence (explored by immunohistochemistry and PCR) were evaluated in serial sections of endomyocardial biopsies from 29 outpatients with chronic chagasic cardiopathy. The patients, 25 males and four females with a mean (S.D.) age of 43 (9) years, were subsequently(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), a life-threatening inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy, affects 30% of the approximately 8 million patients infected by Trypanosoma cruzi. Even though the Th1 T cell-rich myocarditis plays a pivotal role in CCC pathogenesis, little is known about the factors controlling inflammatory cell migration to CCC(More)
Selection criteria for lung donation were based on initial experiences with lung transplantation without further studies to improve them, thereby guaranteeing the best use of donated organs. A definition of an extended criteria donor is therefore required to obtain more lungs to meet the demands of patients awaiting transplantation. Studies have been(More)
OBJECTIVE Assessment of incidence and behavior of mediastinitis after cardiac transplantation. METHODS From 1985 to 1999, 214 cardiac transplantations were performed, 12 (5.6%) of the transplanted patients developed confirmed mediastinitis. Patient's ages ranged from 42 to 66 years (mean of 52.3 +/- 10.0 years) and 10 (83.3%) patients were males. Seven(More)
INTRODUCTION The organ shortage for transplantation, the principal factor that increases waiting lists, has become a serious public health problem. In this scenario, the intensivist occupies a prominent position as one of the professionals that first has a chance to identify brain death and to be responsible for the maintenance of the potential deceased(More)
BACKGROUND Donor supply limits heart transplantation (HT) and relative priority should be given to cases with greater chances of success. The objectives of this multicenter study were (1) to determine the survival rate after heart transplantation for patients with Chagas' heart disease (ChHD) in comparison with other causes; and (2) to identify the causes(More)
Fourty-four patients (aged 10 months to 15 years) were assessed in a double-blind study to observe the correlation between myocardial uptake of 67-gallium and endomyocardial biopsy in the detection of moderate to severe myocardial inflammation. The sensitivity and specificity of gallium-67 imaging were 87 and 81%, respectively. Based on these findings,(More)
BACKGROUND Chagas' disease has been considered a contraindication to heart transplantation as Trypanosoma cruzi infection could recur after immunosuppression. METHODS We report the follow-up of 22 patients who underwent orthotopic heart transplantation for treatment of end-stage chronic Chagas' heart disease, divided in two groups. Group 1 consisted of 9(More)
Over the last 20 yr, the immunosuppression protocols in chagasic heart-transplanted patients have gone through three phases, and we have identified several changes and discoveries about Chagas' disease reactivation, mortality, and neoplasia development. The first phase was especially important because until that time, Chagas' disease was an absolute(More)