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The coexistence of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), and cholecystokinin (CCK)- or somatostatin-immunoreactive material in the same neurons was studied in the hippocampus and visual cortex of the cat. One-micrometer-thick serial sections of the same neuron were reacted to reveal different antigens by the unlabeled antibody(More)
By means of Golgi staining and gold-toning, we have found an interneuron in the pyramidal cell layer of the hippocampus which forms synapses exclusively on the axon initial segments of pyramidal neurons. An individual initial segment receives up to 30 symmetrical synapses from one axo-axonic cell. Each axo-axonic cell is in synaptic contact with the axon(More)
Golgi-impregnated and gold-toned preparations of cat hippocampus were studied under the light and electron microscope in order to characterize synapses in contact with the axon initial segments of pyramidal neurons. The initial segment of the axon emits spine-like appendages and it was sometimes seen to be in apparent contact with thin varicose fibers that(More)
The aqueous extract of the venom glands of black widow spiders was fractionated on a column of Sephadex G-200 and then on a column of DEAE-Sephadex A-50 pH 8.2. A protein fraction was obtained that caused a great increase in the frequency of occurrence of miniature end plate potentials at the frog neuromuscular junction, and caused swelling of the nerve(More)
The ultrastructural features and synaptic relationships of cholecystokinin (CCK)-immunoreactive cells of rat and cat hippocampus were studied using the unlabeled antibody immunoperoxidase technique and correlated light and electron microscopy. CCK-positive perikarya of variable shape and size were distributed in all layers and were particularly concentrated(More)
The action of AD6 as an anti-thrombotic agent was studied in a model of coronary artery thrombosis and on platelet aggregation in the dog. AD6 (10-100 microM) in vitro inhibited aggregation induced by ADP, epinephrine, collagen and PAF (platelet aggregating factor) used at their threshold concentration for maximal aggregation. Arterial thrombosis was(More)
We studied the development of diabetic neuropathy and its treatment with gangliosides using the C57BL/Ks mouse. The results of axonal morphometry showed the presence of a progressive axonal atrophy which was maximal at 180 days of age. To 400 days of age there was no longer any significant difference, perhaps due to aging processes. Nerve conduction(More)
The effect of exogenous GM1 ganglioside on selective neurotoxin-induced lesions of serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline (NA) neurons in both the central and peripheral nervous systems has been investigated in developing and adult rats and mice by employing neuro- and histochemical techniques. 5,7-Dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-HT) was used to lesion 5-HT neurons,(More)
We have studied the effects of 25 mM potassium, electrical stimulation of the phrenic nerve, and crude black widow spider venom on the ultrastructure, electrophysiology, and acetylcholine (ACh) contents of mouse diaphragms. About 65% of the ACh in diaphragms is contained in a depletable store in the nerve terminals. The rest of the ACh is contained in a(More)
The effect of exogenous GM1 ganglioside on selectively noradrenaline-denervated rat cerebral cortex was investigated by measuring the spatial distribution of endogenous noradrenaline levels and by fluorescence histochemical analysis. A local noradrenaline denervation was produced by intracortical infusion of the selective catecholamine neurotoxin(More)