Learn More
By means of Golgi staining and gold-toning, we have found an interneuron in the pyramidal cell layer of the hippocampus which forms synapses exclusively on the axon initial segments of pyramidal neurons. An individual initial segment receives up to 30 symmetrical synapses from one axo-axonic cell. Each axo-axonic cell is in synaptic contact with the axon(More)
The coexistence of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), and cholecystokinin (CCK)- or somatostatin-immunoreactive material in the same neurons was studied in the hippocampus and visual cortex of the cat. One-micrometer-thick serial sections of the same neuron were reacted to reveal different antigens by the unlabeled antibody(More)
Golgi-impregnated and gold-toned preparations of cat hippocampus were studied under the light and electron microscope in order to characterize synapses in contact with the axon initial segments of pyramidal neurons. The initial segment of the axon emits spine-like appendages and it was sometimes seen to be in apparent contact with thin varicose fibers that(More)
The ultrastructural features and synaptic relationships of cholecystokinin (CCK)-immunoreactive cells of rat and cat hippocampus were studied using the unlabeled antibody immunoperoxidase technique and correlated light and electron microscopy. CCK-positive perikarya of variable shape and size were distributed in all layers and were particularly concentrated(More)
We have studied the effects of 25 mM potassium, electrical stimulation of the phrenic nerve, and crude black widow spider venom on the ultrastructure, electrophysiology, and acetylcholine (ACh) contents of mouse diaphragms. About 65% of the ACh in diaphragms is contained in a depletable store in the nerve terminals. The rest of the ACh is contained in a(More)
We investigated the effect of a single administration of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on the preservation of the ventral white matter of rats at 4 weeks after contusive spinal cord injury (SCI), a time at which functional recovery is significantly improved in comparison to the controls [Gorio A, Necati Gokmen N, Erbayraktar S, Yilmaz O, Madaschi(More)
The effect of exogenous GM1 ganglioside on selectively noradrenaline-denervated rat cerebral cortex was investigated by measuring the spatial distribution of endogenous noradrenaline levels and by fluorescence histochemical analysis. A local noradrenaline denervation was produced by intracortical infusion of the selective catecholamine neurotoxin(More)
The effect of exogenous GM1 ganglioside on selective neurotoxin-induced lesions of serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline (NA) neurons in both the central and peripheral nervous systems has been investigated in developing and adult rats and mice by employing neuro- and histochemical techniques. 5,7-Dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-HT) was used to lesion 5-HT neurons,(More)
The aim of the study was the assessment of the effects of adult neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation in a mouse model of spinal cord injury (SCI). The contusion injury was performed by means of the Infinite Horizon Device to allow the generation of reproducible traumatic lesion to the cord. We administered green fluorescent-labeled (GFP-)NSCs either by(More)
Using a standardized rat model of contusive spinal cord injury (SCI; [Gorio A, Gokmen N, Erbayraktar S, Yilmaz O, Madaschi L, Cichetti C, Di Giulio AM, Vardar E, Cerami A, Brines M (2002) Recombinant human erythropoietin counteracts secondary injury and markedly enhances neurological recovery from experimental spinal cord trauma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A(More)