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CONTEXT Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior and BDNF levels are decreased in the brain and plasma of suicide subjects. So far, the mechanisms leading to downregulation of BDNF expression are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that alterations of DNA methylation could(More)
We have recently reported that MicroRNAs (miR)-221 and miR-222 were up-regulated in human thyroid papillary carcinomas in comparison with the normal thyroid tissue. Bioinformatic analysis proposed the p27(Kip1) protein, a key regulator of cell cycle, as a candidate target for the miR-221/222 cluster. Here, we report that the enforced expression of miR-221(More)
Germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene are responsible for two unrelated neural crest disorders: Hirschsprung disease, a congenital absence of the enteric nervous system in the hindgut, and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, a dominantly inherited cancer syndrome. Moreover, somatic rearrangements of RET are causally involved in the genesis of(More)
Oncogenic activation of the RET receptor tyrosine kinase is common in different human cancers. We found that the pyrazolo-pyrimidine PP1 inhibited RET-derived oncoproteins with a half maximal inhibitor concentration of 80 nM. Furthermore, RET/PTC3-transformed cells treated with 5 ␮M of PP1 lost proliferative autonomy and showed morphological reversion. PP1(More)
In the present study, we have characterized several human thyroid cancer cell lines of different histotypes for their responsiveness to contact inhibition. We found that cells derived from differentiated carcinoma (TPC-1, WRO) arrest in G(1) phase at confluence, whereas cells derived from anaplastic carcinoma (ARO, FRO and FB1) continue to grow after(More)
The high mobility group AT-hook (HMGA) proteins, a family of DNA architectural factors, are highly expressed during embryogenesis and play a crucial role in several different biological processes, as well as in tumorigenesis of a wide range of tissues, including pituitary. Indeed, HMGA2 has been found rearranged and amplified in human prolactinomas, and(More)
We have recently generated knockout mice for the Cbx7 gene, coding for a polycomb group protein that is downregulated in human malignant neoplasias. These mice develop liver and lung adenomas and carcinomas, which confirms a tumour suppressor role for CBX7. The CBX7 ability to downregulate CCNE1 expression likely accounts for the phenotype of the Cbx7-null(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is caused by germ-line mutations of the apc gene, and it is associated with an increased risk of developing papillary thyroid carcinomas. We have previously reported that a significant fraction of sporadic human papillary thyroid carcinomas is characterized by gene rearrangements affecting the ret protooncogene. These(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) treatment of embryonal carcinoma cell line NTERA-2 clone D1 (NT2/D1) induces growth arrest and terminal differentiation along the neuronal pathway. In the present study, we provide a functional link between RA and p27 function in the control of neuronal differentiation in NT2/D1 cells. We report that RA enhances p27 expression, which(More)
To explore the link between DNA damage and gene silencing, we induced a DNA double-strand break in the genome of Hela or mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells using I-SceI restriction endonuclease. The I-SceI site lies within one copy of two inactivated tandem repeated green fluorescent protein (GFP) genes (DR-GFP). A total of 2%-4% of the cells generated a(More)