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BACKGROUND Osteopetrosis, a genetic disease characterised by osteoclast failure, is classified into three forms: infantile malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO), intermediate autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (IRO), and autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO). METHODS We studied 49 patients, 21 with ARO, one with IRO, and 27 with type II ADO(More)
Human osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disorder caused by osteoclast failure, which ranges widely in severity. In the most severe forms, deficient bone resorption prevents enlargement of bone cavities, impairing development of bone marrow, leading to hematological failure. Closure of bone foramina causes cranial nerve compression with visual and hearing(More)
UNLABELLED We studied phenotypic and cellular aspects in a patient with a heterozygous mutation of the PLEKHM1 gene and obtained some indications regarding the role of the protein in bone cell function. Plekhm1 is involved in osteoclast endosomal vesicle acidification and TRACP exocytosis, contributing to events involved in osteoclast-osteoblast cross-talk.(More)
Much has been written recently on osteoclast biology, but this cell type still astonishes scientists with its multifaceted functions and unique properties. The last three decades have seen a change in thinking about the osteoclast, from a cell with a single function, which just destroys the tissue it belongs to, to an "orchestrator" implicated in the(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and c-Src impair osteoblast maturation in vitro and in vivo. Given the similar effects of these factors, they are likely to establish a functional loop to maintain osteoblasts in a less mature status. Here we describe a pathway whereby c-Src stimulates IL-6 expression through the STAT3 factor, which, in response to IL-6 induces(More)
Deficiency of Receptor Activator of NF-κB Ligand (RANKL) prevents osteoclast formation causing osteopetrosis. RANKL is a membrane-bound protein cleaved into active soluble (s)RANKL by metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14). We created a bio-device that harbors primary osteoblasts, cultured on 3D hydroxyapatite scaffolds carrying immobilized MMP14 catalytic domain.(More)
Much has been written recently on osteoclast biology, but this cell type still astonishes scientists with its multifaceted functions and unique properties. The last three decades have seen a change in thinking about the osteoclast, from a cell with a single function, which just destroys the tissue it belongs to, to an "orchestrator" implicated in the(More)
Osteopetrosis is a genetic disease characterized by defective osteoclasts. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is fatal within the first years of life. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) cures fewer than 50% of cases but often leaves severe neurologic damages and other dysfunctions. Osteoclast appearance after HSCT is a slow process, during which(More)
UNLABELLED Premature osteoporosis and stunted growth are common complications of childhood chronic inflammatory disease. Presently, no treatment regimens are available for these defects in juvenile diseases. We identified the sequential Fc-OPG/hPTH treatment as an experimental therapy that improves the skeletal growth and prevents the bone loss in a mouse(More)
Bone has always been regarded as a merely structural tissue, a "hard" scaffold protecting all of its "soft" fellows, while they did the rest of the work. In the last few decades this concept has totally changed, and new findings are starting to portray bone as a very talkative tissue that is capable not only of being regulated, but also of regulating other(More)