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In addition to its cGMP-selective catalytic site, cGMP-binding cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE5) contains two allosteric cGMP-binding sites and at least one phosphorylation site (Ser92) on each subunit [Thomas, M.K., Francis, S.H. & Corbin, J.D. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 14971-14978]. In the present study, prior incubation of recombinant bovine PDE5(More)
[3H]Vardenafil (Levitra) or [3H]tadalafil (Cialis) binding was used to quantify PDE5 in rat lung and heart tissue. Each radioligand bound to purified recombinant phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) or to PDE5 in crude extracts with strong affinity, high specificity, slow dissociation, and good stoichiometry. PDE5, the only 3H inhibitor-binding protein detected in(More)
Three methods have been used to assess the conformational effects associated with ligand binding to two unrelated cyclic nucleotide receptor proteins: the cGMP-binding, cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (cGB-PDE or PDE5A) and the cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG). The methods should be applicable to other proteins and to other types of modification such as(More)
Sildenafil (Viagra) potentiates penile erection by acting as a nonhydrolyzable analog of cGMP and competing with this nucleotide for catalysis by phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5), but the characteristics of direct binding of radiolabeled sildenafil to PDE5 have not been determined. [3H]Sildenafil binding to PDE5 was retained when filtered through nitrocellulose(More)
The physiological role of phosphodiesterase (PDE)11 is unknown and its biochemical characteristics are poorly understood. We have expressed human His-tagged PDE11A4 and purified the enzyme to apparent homogeneity. PDE11A4 displays K(m) values of 0.97 microM for cGMP and 2.4 microM for cAMP, and maximal velocities were 4- to 10-fold higher for cAMP than for(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) have been investigated for years as targets for therapeutic intervention in a number of pathophysiological processes. Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5), which is highly specific for guanosine 3'-5'-cyclic-monophosphate (cGMP) at both its catalytic site and its allosteric sites, has generated particular interest because(More)
Sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil each competitively inhibit cGMP hydrolysis by phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5), thereby fostering cGMP accumulation and relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. Biochemical potencies (affinities) of these compounds for PDE5 determined by IC(50), K(D) (isotherm), K(D) (dissociation rate), and K(D) ((1/2) EC(50)), respectively,(More)
Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors act by competing with the substrate, cGMP, for the catalytic site of the enzyme. Two commercialized PDE5 inhibitors, sildenafil and vardenafil, are being used to treat erectile dysfunction. These two compounds differ in the heterocyclic ring system used to mimic the purine ring of cGMP. They also differ in the(More)
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) comprise a superfamily of phosphohydrolases that degrade 3',5'-cyclic nucleotides. All known mammalian PDEs are dimeric, but the functional significance of dimerization is unknown. A deletion mutant of cGMP-binding cGMP-specific PDE (PDE5), encoding the 357 carboxyl-terminal amino acids including the catalytic domain, has been(More)