Alfred T. Culliford

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OBJECTIVE This study reviews the 223 consecutive mitral valve operations for ischemic mitral insufficiency performed at New York University Medical Center between January 1976 and January 1996. The results for mitral valve reconstruction are compared with those for prosthetic mitral valve replacement. METHODS From January 1976 to January 1996, 223(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have compared outcomes for coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but most were done before the availability of stenting, which has revolutionized the latter approach. METHODS We used New York's cardiac registries to identify 37,212 patients with multivessel disease who underwent(More)
From a series of 2,594 patients undergoing open-heart surgery, 39 had sternal or costochondral infections. Most of these infections were associated with a number of predisposing factors: prolonged perfusion time, excessive postoperative bleeding, depressed cardiac output in the postoperative period, and a history of re-exploration for the control of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to compare in-hospital mortality and complications and three-year mortality and revascularization for off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery after adjusting for patient risk. BACKGROUND The use of off-pump CABG surgery has increased tremendously in recent years, but little is known about its(More)
OBJECTIVE Atheromatous aortic disease is a risk factor for excessive mortality and stroke in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Outcomes of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with severe atheromatous aortic disease were compared by propensity case-match(More)
BACKGROUND Simplified risk scores for coronary artery bypass graft surgery are frequently in lieu of more complicated statistical models and are valuable for informed consent and choice of intervention. Previous risk scores have been based on in-hospital mortality, but a substantial number of patients die within 30 days of the procedure. These deaths should(More)
Previous studies have provided conflicting evidence as to whether an increased risk of mediastinitis is associated with use of the internal mammary artery as a coronary bypass graft. In this study the effects of internal mammary artery grafts on wound complications were analyzed in a prospective, nonrandomized fashion. At New York University Medical Center(More)
BACKGROUND Short-term results with minimally invasive approaches for mitral valve repair in degenerative disease have been encouraging, with potential for diminishing blood loss and hospital length of stay. Little is known, however, about the long-term efficacy of this approach. This report analyzes a single institution's results over 12 years with(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with reduced ventricular function undergoing aortic valve replacement have increased operative risks, but the impact of valvular pathophysiology and other risk factors has not been clearly defined. METHODS From June 1992 through June 2002, 1,402 consecutive patients underwent isolated aortic valve surgery with or without coronary(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to identify reasons for and predictors of readmission. BACKGROUND Short-term readmissions have been identified as an important cause of escalating health care costs, and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is 1 of the most expensive procedures. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 30-day readmissions for(More)