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BACKGROUND Several studies have compared outcomes for coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but most were done before the availability of stenting, which has revolutionized the latter approach. METHODS We used New York's cardiac registries to identify 37,212 patients with multivessel disease who underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE This study reviews the 223 consecutive mitral valve operations for ischemic mitral insufficiency performed at New York University Medical Center between January 1976 and January 1996. The results for mitral valve reconstruction are compared with those for prosthetic mitral valve replacement. METHODS From January 1976 to January 1996, 223(More)
OBJECTIVE Atheromatous aortic disease is a risk factor for excessive mortality and stroke in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Outcomes of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with severe atheromatous aortic disease were compared by propensity case-match(More)
From a series of 2,594 patients undergoing open-heart surgery, 39 had sternal or costochondral infections. Most of these infections were associated with a number of predisposing factors: prolonged perfusion time, excessive postoperative bleeding, depressed cardiac output in the postoperative period, and a history of re-exploration for the control of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to compare in-hospital mortality and complications and three-year mortality and revascularization for off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery after adjusting for patient risk. BACKGROUND The use of off-pump CABG surgery has increased tremendously in recent years, but little is known about its(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR) trials are ongoing in patients with an elevated European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCOREs), patients believed to have high mortality rates and poor long-term prognoses with valve replacement surgery. It is, however, uncertain that the EuroSCORE model is well calibrated for such(More)
Previous studies have provided conflicting evidence as to whether an increased risk of mediastinitis is associated with use of the internal mammary artery as a coronary bypass graft. In this study the effects of internal mammary artery grafts on wound complications were analyzed in a prospective, nonrandomized fashion. At New York University Medical Center(More)
BACKGROUND Short-term results with minimally invasive approaches for mitral valve repair in degenerative disease have been encouraging, with potential for diminishing blood loss and hospital length of stay. Little is known, however, about the long-term efficacy of this approach. This report analyzes a single institution's results over 12 years with(More)
Seventy-one patients aged greater than or equal to 80 years (mean +/- standard deviation 82 +/- 2) with aortic stenosis or mixed stenosis and regurgitation underwent aortic valve replacement alone (n = 35, group 1) or in combination with a coronary artery bypass procedure without any other valve procedure (n = 36, group 2). Preoperatively, 91% had severe(More)