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Automats for patch clamping suspended cells in whole-cell configuration must (1) bring isolated cells in contact with patch contacts, (2) form gigaseals, and (3) establish stable intracellular access that allows for high quality recording of ionic currents. Single openings in planar substrates seem to be intriguing simple solutions for these problems, but(More)
A light-sensitive, externally powered microchip was surgically implanted subretinally near the macular region of volunteers blind from hereditary retinal dystrophy. The implant contains an array of 1500 active microphotodiodes ('chip'), each with its own amplifier and local stimulation electrode. At the implant's tip, another array of 16 wire-connected(More)
PURPOSE The perception of 11 persons blinded by hereditary retinal degeneration elicited by a subretinally implanted 16-electrode array used for light-independent direct stimulation of the retina is described. This device is part of the Tübingen retina implant, which also employs a light-sensitive, multiphotodiode array (MPDA). The ability to reliably(More)
An identified nerve cell of the leech is attached to a planar silicon microstructure of p-doped silicon covered by a thin layer of insulating silicon oxide. A voltage step, applied between silicon and electrolyte, induces a capacitive transient in the cell which elicits an action potential. The capacitive extracellular stimulation is described by an(More)
BACKGROUND Subretinal implants intend to replace photoreceptor function in patients suffering from degenerative retinal disease by topically applying electrical stimuli from the subretinal space. This study intended to prove the feasibility of a newly developed transchoroidal surgery and, furthermore, of a subretinal electrode array, which closely resembles(More)
  • Ramona Gerwig, Kai Fuchsberger, Birgit Schroeppel, Gordon Steve Link, Gerhard Heusel, Udo Kraushaar +3 others
  • 2012
Composites of carbon nanotubes and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene, PEDOT) and layers of PEDOT are deposited onto microelectrodes by electropolymerization of ethylenedioxythiophene in the presence of a suspension of carbon nanotubes and polystyrene sulfonate. Analysis by FIB and SEM demonstrates that CNT-PEDOT composites exhibit a porous morphology whereas(More)
In order to obtain functional parameters relevant to the designing of a subretinal implant, we carried out electrical stimulation experiments with isolated chicken retina. The median threshold for network activation with planar disc electrodes (diameter 10 microm) was 0.5 nC (625 microC cm(-2)) for anodal voltage impulses and 1.6 nC (2 mC cm(-2)) for(More)
Assessments of somatosensory and motor cortical somatotopy in vivo can provide important information on sensorimotor physiology. Here, novel polyimide-based thin-film microelectrode arrays (72 contacts) implanted epidurally, were used for recording of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and somatosensory cortex somatotopic maps of the rat. The objective(More)