Alfred Stepan

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In this paper I argue that we need to rethink some important theoretical and comparative issues related to our broad understanding of party systems with a view to the experience of new democracies around the world. In particular, in light of what Huntington (1991) called the “third wave” of democratization, i.e., the period of democratization beginning in(More)
While a growing literature addresses the difficulties of achieving democratic consolidation, there has often been little clarity over the meaning of this notion, and over the process by which it is achieved. Therefore, building on a minimal formal definition of democracy, this paper presents a delimited conception of democratic consolidation and of the(More)
In this paper we attempt to contribute to the burgeoning literature on Latin American political institutions by discussing the elements and political consequences of contemporary Brazilian federalism. We hope to make two main contributions. First, we intend to add to the broad theoretical discussion of federalism. Theoretically, the puzzle we deal with is(More)
It has been noted that of the three basic political processes of democratisation authoritarian break down, democratic transition and democratic consolidation, the last is the least studied and the least understood. Omar Encarnacion in his review of current literature on the subject of democratic consolidation claims that the reason this is so is because(More)
A central feature of all health care systems is the flow of finances from the population, via a variety of agencies, to the providers of health care. Each transfer of funds within the system involves a principal-agent problem, in the sense that a principal is entrusting funds to an agent with the intention that some desired aspect of health care delivery(More)
The invasion of Iraq by the US and its allies has triggered a great number of moral discussions about issues such as whether democracy is the best system of government for all countries, who decides whether it is the best system, whether (or in which cases) it is justified to impose it, and if it is, which are the appropriate actors to do so. Instead of(More)
During most of its lengthy history, the Catholic Church in Latin America has been identified with dominant elites and the state. This situation has changed in recent decades as Church leaders have supported popular protest aimed at changing unjust social structures. At the forefront of the process of ecclesiastical change have been a panoply of new(More)