Alfred Poulos

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Arachidonic acid (20:4(n-6)), which is released by cells responding to a wide range of stimuli, may play an important role in intracellular signaling. We now report that incubation of WB cells with 20:4(n-6) resulted in the appearance of several tyrosine-phosphorylated cytosolic proteins. Two of the phosphotyrosine-containing proteins, migrating in(More)
The activity of phytanic acid oxidase is low in infantile and adult Refsum's disease, and in the cerebro-hepato-renal (Zellweger's) syndrome. The plasma of patients with the infantile but not the adult form of Refsum's disease contains increased amounts of pipecolic acid and of at least two abnormal bile acids, one of which has been identified as 3 alpha, 7(More)
The suitability of using [1-14C]phytanic acid as a substrate for the diagnosis of Refsum's disease has been examined. Normal fibroblasts cultured in medium containing low concentrations of foetal calf serum (0.5%) oxidised added [1-14C]phytanic acid to 14CO2 only slowly up to about 2 days; beyond this period a marked stimulation in oxidation was observed.(More)
The accumulation of very long chain fatty acids in plasma and skin fibroblasts was measured in at least four separate inherited disease states. Both the magnitude and the nature of the fatty acid changes reflected the clinical status of individual patients. In Zellweger's syndrome, and to a lesser extent in infantile Refsum's disease, there was an increase(More)
Polyenoic very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) have been shown to be localized in unusual molecular species of sphingomyelin in the testes and spermatozoa of the ram, bull, rat, and boar and in the spermatozoa of man. The composition of polyenoic VLCFA-sphingomyelin was comparable in the testes and spermatozoa of each mammalian species; however, the(More)
In inflammatory reactions there are complex interactions of protein mediators (cytokines) and mediators derived from lipids. An important event in inflammation is superoxide production, in relation to microbicidal activity as well as tissue damage. We have studied interactions of lipid mediators with a cytokine mediator tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) in(More)
Our objective was to review the Australasian experience of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), to compare the spectrum of disease seen in Australasia with previously published data from elsewhere, and to assess the reliability of carrier testing. Study design was a retrospective review of records collected over a 15-year period, the setting was an(More)
The polyunsaturated fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6,n-3), eicosapentaenoic acid, arachidonic acid, and linoleic acid caused marked in vitro growth inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum, assessed by a radiometric assay. In contrast, negligible parasite killing was seen with oleic acid or docosanoic acid. Parasite killing was significantly increased(More)
Effects of fatty acids on human neutrophil-mediated killing of Plasmodium falciparum asexual blood forms were investigated by using a quantitative radiometric assay. The results showed that the antiparasitic activity of neutrophils can be greatly increased (>threefold) by short-term treatment with fatty acids with 20 to 24 carbon atoms and at least three(More)