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Arachidonic acid (20:4(n-6)), which is released by cells responding to a wide range of stimuli, may play an important role in intracellular signaling. We now report that incubation of WB cells with 20:4(n-6) resulted in the appearance of several tyrosine-phosphorylated cytosolic proteins. Two of the phosphotyrosine-containing proteins, migrating in(More)
The activity of phytanic acid oxidase is low in infantile and adult Refsum's disease, and in the cerebro-hepato-renal (Zellweger's) syndrome. The plasma of patients with the infantile but not the adult form of Refsum's disease contains increased amounts of pipecolic acid and of at least two abnormal bile acids, one of which has been identified as 3 alpha, 7(More)
The suitability of using [1-14C]phytanic acid as a substrate for the diagnosis of Refsum's disease has been examined. Normal fibroblasts cultured in medium containing low concentrations of foetal calf serum (0.5%) oxidised added [1-14C]phytanic acid to 14CO2 only slowly up to about 2 days; beyond this period a marked stimulation in oxidation was observed.(More)
The effects of exogenous long chain fatty acids (LCFA) and very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) on superoxide production by human neutrophils were compared. Superoxide production was greater and more rapid in response to arachidonic (20:4 (n-6)), eicosapentanoic (20:5 (n-3)), and docosahexanoic (22:6 (n-3)) acids than for triacontatetranoic (30:4 (n-6)),(More)
In inflammatory reactions there are complex interactions of protein mediators (cytokines) and mediators derived from lipids. An important event in inflammation is superoxide production, in relation to microbicidal activity as well as tissue damage. We have studied interactions of lipid mediators with a cytokine mediator tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) in(More)
The accumulation of very long chain fatty acids in plasma and skin fibroblasts was measured in at least four separate inherited disease states. Both the magnitude and the nature of the fatty acid changes reflected the clinical status of individual patients. In Zellweger's syndrome, and to a lesser extent in infantile Refsum's disease, there was an increase(More)
Polyenoic very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) have been shown to be localized in unusual molecular species of sphingomyelin in the testes and spermatozoa of the ram, bull, rat, and boar and in the spermatozoa of man. The composition of polyenoic VLCFA-sphingomyelin was comparable in the testes and spermatozoa of each mammalian species; however, the(More)
We describe a relatively new syndrome in four children with characteristic facial dysmorphism, sensorineural hearing loss, severe visual impairment with retinitis pigmentosa, hypotonia, hepatomegaly, and severe developmental delay. Two patients had intracranial hemorrhage secondary to a vitamin K-responsive clotting defect; both had steatorrhea. Liver(More)
The polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were poor inducers of oxygen-dependent respiratory activity (chemiluminescence) in human monocytes and macrophages, but markedly enhanced the response to the tripeptide, N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine. The effects of these fatty(More)
Previously published work has indicated that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may enhance neutrophil-mediated damage to host tissues. We have found that endothelial detachment was significantly increased by neutrophils pretreated with docosahexaenoic (22:6, n-3) and arachidonic (20:4, n-6) acids at 10-40 microM but not by eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5,(More)