Alfred O. Inman

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Carbon nanotubes have widespread applications in multiple engineering disciplines. However, little is known about the toxicity or interaction of these particles with cells. Carbon nanotube films were grown using a microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition system. Human epidermal keratinocytes (HEK) were exposed to 0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 mg/ml of(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT), fullerenes (C(60)), carbon black (CB), nC(60), and quantum dots (QD) have been studied in vitro to determine their toxicity in a number of cell types. Here, we report that classical dye-based assays such as MTT and neutral red (NR) that determine cell viability produce invalid results with some NM (nanomaterials) due(More)
Sixty-one bullous disease sera containing IgG anti-BMZ antibodies were examined by indirect immunofluorescence on intact skin and skin separated through the lamina lucida by incubation in 1.0 M NaCl. All sera produced an indistinguishable pattern of linear immunofluorescence on intact skin at dilutions of 1:10 or higher. On separated skin, antibodies bound(More)
Hydroxylated fullerenes (C₆₀OH(x)) or fullerols are water-soluble carbon nanoparticles that have been explored for potential therapeutic applications. This study assesses acute in vivo tolerance in 8-wk-old female Sprague-Dawley rats to intravenous (iv) administration of 10 mg/kg of well-characterized C₆₀(OH)₃₀. Complete histopathology and clinical(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is an acquired chronic blistering disease of the skin, in which separation of the skin occurs in the basement-membrane zone between the epidermis and the dermis. There is evidence that blistering is initiated by an immune process. Using serum samples from nine patients as a source of antibodies, we have identified a major(More)
Sunscreens containing titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NP) are effective barriers against ultraviolet B (UVB) damage to skin, although little is known about their disposition in UVB-damaged skin. Pigs were exposed to UVB that resulted in moderate sunburn. For in vitro studies, skin in flow-through diffusion cells were treated 24(More)
Carbon fullerenes possess unique properties and their interactions with biomolecules have widespread applications. Functionalization of fullerenes with hydroxyl groups (fullerenols) can increase the solubility and potential for cellular interaction, but the health and safety effects of varying degrees of fullerene hydroxylation in biological systems is(More)
Interactions of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs) were studied with respect to the effect of surfactant on dispersion of MWCNT aggregates and cytotoxicity. Our earlier studies had shown that the unmodified MWCNTs were localized within the cytoplasmic vacuoles of HEKs and elicited an inflammatory response.(More)
Occupational and environmental exposures to jet fuel recently have become a source of public and regulatory concern. This study investigates the cutaneous toxicity of three fuels used in both civilian and military aircraft. Pigs, an accepted animal model for human skin, were exposed to low-dose (25 microl or 7.96 microl cm(-2)) or high-dose (335 microl or(More)
Systematic studies probing the effects of nanoparticle surface modification and formulation pH are important in nanotoxicology and nanomedicine. In this study, we use laser-scanning fluorescence confocal microscopy to evaluate nanoparticle penetration in viable excised human skin that was intact or tape-stripped. Quantum dot (QD) fluorescent nanoparticles(More)